Design of discretely depth-varying holographic grating for image guide based see-through and near-to-eye displays

Toshiteru Nakamura, Yuzuru Takashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


For the see-through and near-to-eye displays, light throughput and uniformity of luminance over the field of view are improved by employing an optical image guide with discretely depth-varying surface relief holographic gratings. In the design process, a newly developed mathematical model, in conjunction with rigorous coupled wave analysis of diffraction efficiency, eliminates massive and time consuming iteration of non-sequential ray tracing but rapidly identifies the depth-varying structure and optimum optical performance. The depth-varying grating based approach achieved a 1.37x improvement in light throughput compared to the conventional depth un-varying design, 315 cd/m2/lm, along with improved uniformity over the field of view of 35 (H) x 20 (V) degrees with an eye box size of 17 (H) x 14 (V) mm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26520-26533
Number of pages14
JournalOptics Express
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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