Design of SHINS: The SHARK-NIR instrument control software

Marco De Pascale, Andrea Baruffolo, Bernardo Salasnich, Maria Bergomi, Florian Briegel, Valentina D'Orazi, Elwood C. Downey, Jacopo Farinato, Philip M Hinz, Luca Marafatto, Lars Mohr, Valentina Viotto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The System for coronagraphy with High Order adaptive optics in Kand H band (SHARKNIR), is a high contrast imager with coronagraphic and spectroscopic capabilities, which will be mounted at the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT). It will observe in the near infrared, between 0.96 and 1.7 microns. Its main scientific goal is the direct imaging of exo-planets, their detection and characterization, taking advantage of the adaptive optics offered by LBT. Other science objectives include brown dwarfs, protoplanetary discs, stellar jets, QSOs and AGNs. In this paper we describe the design and architecture of the SHARK-NIR instrument control software (SHINS). SHINS architecture is largely inspired to ESO VLT instrument control software: A central component dispatches commands to peripheral components dedicated to subsystems control. Observation, calibration and maintenance procedure are implemented by means of templates We also describe how communication between software components is implemented. We begin by explaining how we employed TwiceAsNice, a service oriented architecture framework, to control all the motorized functions. We also illustrate the interface to the control software for the tip/tilt subsystem, built inside SHARK-NIR and in charge of image stabilization. Then, we describe the interface implemented using the Instrument-Neutral Distributed Interface (INDI) communication protocol, which is used by SHINS to communicate both with the telescope and the scientific detector control systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSoftware and Cyberinfrastructure for Astronomy V
EditorsJuan C. Guzman, Jorge Ibsen
ISBN (Print)9781510619678
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
EventSoftware and Cyberinfrastructure for Astronomy V 2018 - Austin, United States
Duration: Jun 10 2018Jun 13 2018


OtherSoftware and Cyberinfrastructure for Astronomy V 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Adaptive Optics
  • Control Software
  • Coronagraphy
  • Instrumentation
  • Telescope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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