Design of the CHARIS integral field spectrograph for exoplanet imaging

Tyler D. Groff, Mary Anne Peters, N. Jeremy Kasdin, Gillian Knapp, Michael Galvin, Michael A. Carr, Michael W. McElwain, Timothy Brandt, Markus Janson, James E. Gunn, Robert Lupton, Olivier Guyon, Frantz Martinache, Nemanja Jovanovic, Masahiko Hayashi, Naruhisa Takato

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Princeton University is building an integral field spectrograph (IFS), the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS), for integration with the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) system and the AO188 adaptive optics system on the Subaru telescope. CHARIS and SCExAO will measure spectra of hot, young Jovian planets in a coronagraphic image across J, H, and K bands down to an 80 milliarcsecond inner working angle. SCExAO's coronagraphs and wavefront control system will make it possible to detect companions five orders of magnitude dimmer than their parent star. However, quasi-static speckles in the image contaminate the signal from the planet. In an IFS this also causes uncertainty in the spectra due to diffractive cross-contamination, commonly referred to as crosstalk. Post-processing techniques can subtract these speckles, but they can potentially skew spectral measurements, become less effective at small angular separation, and at best can only reduce the crosstalk down to the photon noise limit of the contaminating signal. CHARIS will address crosstalk effects of a high contrast image through hardware design, which drives the optical and mechanical design of the assembly. The work presented here sheds light on the optical and mechanical considerations taken in designing the IFS to provide high signal-to-noise spectra in a coronagraphic image from and extreme adaptive optics image. The design considerations and lessons learned are directly applicable to future exoplanet instrumentation for extremely large telescopes and space observatories capable of detecting rocky planets in the habitable zone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8864
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2013Aug 29 2013

Other

OtherTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/26/138/29/13

Fingerprint

High Angular Resolution
Exoplanets
Spectrographs
Spectrograph
extrasolar planets
angular resolution
spectrographs
Adaptive optics
Extreme Adaptive Optics
Imaging
adaptive optics
Imaging techniques
high resolution
Crosstalk
Planets
crosstalk
planets
Speckle
Telescopes
Subaru Telescope

Keywords

  • Broadband
  • Coronagraphy
  • Exoplanets
  • Extreme Adaptive Optics
  • Integral Field Spectrograph

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Groff, T. D., Peters, M. A., Kasdin, N. J., Knapp, G., Galvin, M., Carr, M. A., ... Takato, N. (2013). Design of the CHARIS integral field spectrograph for exoplanet imaging. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 8864). [88640H] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2025081

Design of the CHARIS integral field spectrograph for exoplanet imaging. / Groff, Tyler D.; Peters, Mary Anne; Kasdin, N. Jeremy; Knapp, Gillian; Galvin, Michael; Carr, Michael A.; McElwain, Michael W.; Brandt, Timothy; Janson, Markus; Gunn, James E.; Lupton, Robert; Guyon, Olivier; Martinache, Frantz; Jovanovic, Nemanja; Hayashi, Masahiko; Takato, Naruhisa.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 8864 2013. 88640H.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Groff, TD, Peters, MA, Kasdin, NJ, Knapp, G, Galvin, M, Carr, MA, McElwain, MW, Brandt, T, Janson, M, Gunn, JE, Lupton, R, Guyon, O, Martinache, F, Jovanovic, N, Hayashi, M & Takato, N 2013, Design of the CHARIS integral field spectrograph for exoplanet imaging. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 8864, 88640H, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI, San Diego, CA, United States, 8/26/13. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2025081
Groff TD, Peters MA, Kasdin NJ, Knapp G, Galvin M, Carr MA et al. Design of the CHARIS integral field spectrograph for exoplanet imaging. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 8864. 2013. 88640H https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2025081
Groff, Tyler D. ; Peters, Mary Anne ; Kasdin, N. Jeremy ; Knapp, Gillian ; Galvin, Michael ; Carr, Michael A. ; McElwain, Michael W. ; Brandt, Timothy ; Janson, Markus ; Gunn, James E. ; Lupton, Robert ; Guyon, Olivier ; Martinache, Frantz ; Jovanovic, Nemanja ; Hayashi, Masahiko ; Takato, Naruhisa. / Design of the CHARIS integral field spectrograph for exoplanet imaging. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 8864 2013.
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abstract = "Princeton University is building an integral field spectrograph (IFS), the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS), for integration with the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) system and the AO188 adaptive optics system on the Subaru telescope. CHARIS and SCExAO will measure spectra of hot, young Jovian planets in a coronagraphic image across J, H, and K bands down to an 80 milliarcsecond inner working angle. SCExAO's coronagraphs and wavefront control system will make it possible to detect companions five orders of magnitude dimmer than their parent star. However, quasi-static speckles in the image contaminate the signal from the planet. In an IFS this also causes uncertainty in the spectra due to diffractive cross-contamination, commonly referred to as crosstalk. Post-processing techniques can subtract these speckles, but they can potentially skew spectral measurements, become less effective at small angular separation, and at best can only reduce the crosstalk down to the photon noise limit of the contaminating signal. CHARIS will address crosstalk effects of a high contrast image through hardware design, which drives the optical and mechanical design of the assembly. The work presented here sheds light on the optical and mechanical considerations taken in designing the IFS to provide high signal-to-noise spectra in a coronagraphic image from and extreme adaptive optics image. The design considerations and lessons learned are directly applicable to future exoplanet instrumentation for extremely large telescopes and space observatories capable of detecting rocky planets in the habitable zone.",
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