Designing thermally comfortable outdoor spaces for mosques in hot arid regions

A case study of the jawharatul islam mosque in phoenix, Arizona, U.S.A.

Omar Dhia Al-Hassawi, Nader V Chalfoun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This research introduces a methodology to design thermally comfortable outdoor spaces by studying the thermal conditions in a courtyard (sahn) of an existing mosque located in the hot arid region of Phoenix, Arizona, and attempts to modify those conditions through a design that integrates passive strategies to achieve human thermal comfort. Such an approach will increase the opportunity to use the outdoor space more often and decrease the demand on the indoor space that utilizes conventional mechanical systems to adjust thermal levels, thus conserving energy. Thermal conditions on a summer day at selected locations in the mosque sahn were calculated for the Muslim five daily prayers using the thermal level simulation software OUTDOOR

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-80
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Sustainability
Volume8
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Arid regions
arid region
Thermal comfort
software
methodology
summer
simulation
energy
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Adaptive Shade
  • Corrected Effective Temperature
  • Human Thermal Comfort
  • Natural Downdraft Evaporative Cooler (Cool Tower)
  • Outdoor Spaces
  • Passive Strategies
  • Predicted Mean Vote

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This research introduces a methodology to design thermally comfortable outdoor spaces by studying the thermal conditions in a courtyard (sahn) of an existing mosque located in the hot arid region of Phoenix, Arizona, and attempts to modify those conditions through a design that integrates passive strategies to achieve human thermal comfort. Such an approach will increase the opportunity to use the outdoor space more often and decrease the demand on the indoor space that utilizes conventional mechanical systems to adjust thermal levels, thus conserving energy. Thermal conditions on a summer day at selected locations in the mosque sahn were calculated for the Muslim five daily prayers using the thermal level simulation software OUTDOOR",
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