Destruction of Aqueous-Phase Carbon Tetrachloride in an Electrochemical Reactor with a Porous Cathode

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Abstract

In this work we investigate the use of a continuous-flow, laboratory-scale electrochemical reactor for the destruction of aqueous-phase carbon tetrachloride (CT). The reactor consists of a porous copper foam cathode and a carbon-cloth anode section located downstream from the cathode. Experimental results show that appreciable conversions of CT can be obtained in the reactor, as long as the electrical conductivity of the liquid exceeds 1 S/m. At lower conductivities, most of the cathode exhibits low reactivity for CT-destruction due to relatively low charge transfer overpotentials. A mathematical model was formulated to predict reactor performance. The model takes into account the CT-reduction reaction and the hydrogen evolution reaction on the cathode surface as well as mass transfer limitations. Using the equilibrium potential for CT reduction as the only adjustable parameter, the model adequately represents experimental data for highly conductive solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)913-923
Number of pages11
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume43
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 18 2004

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Carbon tetrachloride
Carbon Tetrachloride
Cathodes
carbon
Foams
Charge transfer
Copper
Hydrogen
foam
Anodes
Carbon
Mass transfer
electrical conductivity
reactor
mass transfer
Mathematical models
conductivity
hydrogen
copper
Liquids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "In this work we investigate the use of a continuous-flow, laboratory-scale electrochemical reactor for the destruction of aqueous-phase carbon tetrachloride (CT). The reactor consists of a porous copper foam cathode and a carbon-cloth anode section located downstream from the cathode. Experimental results show that appreciable conversions of CT can be obtained in the reactor, as long as the electrical conductivity of the liquid exceeds 1 S/m. At lower conductivities, most of the cathode exhibits low reactivity for CT-destruction due to relatively low charge transfer overpotentials. A mathematical model was formulated to predict reactor performance. The model takes into account the CT-reduction reaction and the hydrogen evolution reaction on the cathode surface as well as mass transfer limitations. Using the equilibrium potential for CT reduction as the only adjustable parameter, the model adequately represents experimental data for highly conductive solutions.",
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AU - He, Jiahan

AU - Saez, Avelino E

AU - Ela, Wendell P

AU - Betterton, Eric

AU - Arnold, Robert G

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N2 - In this work we investigate the use of a continuous-flow, laboratory-scale electrochemical reactor for the destruction of aqueous-phase carbon tetrachloride (CT). The reactor consists of a porous copper foam cathode and a carbon-cloth anode section located downstream from the cathode. Experimental results show that appreciable conversions of CT can be obtained in the reactor, as long as the electrical conductivity of the liquid exceeds 1 S/m. At lower conductivities, most of the cathode exhibits low reactivity for CT-destruction due to relatively low charge transfer overpotentials. A mathematical model was formulated to predict reactor performance. The model takes into account the CT-reduction reaction and the hydrogen evolution reaction on the cathode surface as well as mass transfer limitations. Using the equilibrium potential for CT reduction as the only adjustable parameter, the model adequately represents experimental data for highly conductive solutions.

AB - In this work we investigate the use of a continuous-flow, laboratory-scale electrochemical reactor for the destruction of aqueous-phase carbon tetrachloride (CT). The reactor consists of a porous copper foam cathode and a carbon-cloth anode section located downstream from the cathode. Experimental results show that appreciable conversions of CT can be obtained in the reactor, as long as the electrical conductivity of the liquid exceeds 1 S/m. At lower conductivities, most of the cathode exhibits low reactivity for CT-destruction due to relatively low charge transfer overpotentials. A mathematical model was formulated to predict reactor performance. The model takes into account the CT-reduction reaction and the hydrogen evolution reaction on the cathode surface as well as mass transfer limitations. Using the equilibrium potential for CT reduction as the only adjustable parameter, the model adequately represents experimental data for highly conductive solutions.

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