Detection of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) in Mexico

Linda Nunan, Donald Lightner, Carlos Pantoja, Silvia Gomez-Jimenez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND), which has also been referred to as early mortality syndrome (EMS), initially emerged as a destructive disease of cultured shrimp species in Asia in 2009. The pathogen associated with the disease, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, subsequently spread to the Western Hemisphere and emerged in Mexico in early 2013. The spread to the Western Hemisphere is a major concern to shrimp producers in the region. To date, the only peer-reviewed published method for determining whether mortalities are due to AHPND is through histological examination. A novel PCR detection method was employed to assess samples from Mexico in order to confirm the presence of the pathogen in this country. This manuscript details the detection methods used to confirm the presence of AHPND in Mexico. Both immersion and per os challenge studies were used to expose the Penaeus vannamei to the bacteria in order to induce the disease. Histological analysis confirmed AHPND status following the challenge studies. Also provided are the details of the molecular test by PCR that was used for screening candidate V. parahaemolyticus isolates. A rapid PCR assay for detection of AHPND may help with early detection and help prevent the spread of AHPND to other countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalDiseases of aquatic organisms
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2014

Keywords

  • AHPND
  • EMS
  • Early mortality syndrome
  • Shrimp disease
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

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