Detection of hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) of penaeid shrimp by in situ hybridization at the electron microscope level

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Abstract

A post-embedding in situ hybridization procedure was developed to detect hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) of penaeid shrimp at the ultrastructural level. The procedure was optimized using sections of resin-embedded hepatopancreas from HPV-infected juvenile Penaeus monodon and postlarval P. chinensis. The hepatopancreata were fixed using various fixatives, dehydrated, and embedded in the hydrophilic resin Unicryl™. A 592 bp HPV-specific DNA probe, labeled with DIG-11-dUTP, was tested both on semi-thin and ultra-thin sections and examined by light and electron microscopy, respectively. Hybridized probe was detected by means of an anti-DIG antibody conjugated to 10 nm gold particles and subsequent silver enhancement. Hybridization signal intensities were similar with all fixatives tested, but ultrastructure was best preserved with either 2 or 6 % glutaraldehyde. Post-fixation with 1% osmium tetroxide improved ultrastructure but markedly decreased hybridization signal and induced non-specific deposition of gold and silver. Under optimized conditions, this technique was used to successfully follow the development of HPV from absorption and transport through the cytoplansm to nuclear penetration, replication and release by cytolysis. The probe signal was consistently observed among necrotic cell debris within the lumen of hepatopancreatic tubules, within the microvillous border of tubule epithelial cells, within the cytoplasm, and within diagnostic HPV intranuclear inclusion bodies. The nucleolus and karyoplasm of patently infected cells (i.e., showing HPV intranuclear inclusion bodies) were almost devoid of signal. Electron-lucent structures, known as intranuclear bodies, commonly found within the virogenic stroma, showed only weak labeling. This is the first use of in situ hybridization to detect HPV nucleic acids with the electron microscope. The technique should be useful for studying the pathogenesis of HPV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-96
Number of pages10
JournalDiseases of Aquatic Organisms
Volume44
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 9 2001

Fingerprint

Protoparvovirus
Penaeidae
electron microscopes
in situ hybridization
electron
probe
ultrastructure
silver
resin
gold
nuclear inclusions
osmium
hepatopancreas
nucleic acid
cytoplasm
electron microscopy
thin section
probes (equipment)
antibody
resins

Keywords

  • HPV
  • Parvoviridae
  • Penaeus chinensis
  • Penaeus monodon
  • Transmission electron microscopy
  • Ultrastructural in situ hybridization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

Cite this

@article{34488199931a49f3ba551141da09ad4b,
title = "Detection of hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) of penaeid shrimp by in situ hybridization at the electron microscope level",
abstract = "A post-embedding in situ hybridization procedure was developed to detect hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) of penaeid shrimp at the ultrastructural level. The procedure was optimized using sections of resin-embedded hepatopancreas from HPV-infected juvenile Penaeus monodon and postlarval P. chinensis. The hepatopancreata were fixed using various fixatives, dehydrated, and embedded in the hydrophilic resin Unicryl™. A 592 bp HPV-specific DNA probe, labeled with DIG-11-dUTP, was tested both on semi-thin and ultra-thin sections and examined by light and electron microscopy, respectively. Hybridized probe was detected by means of an anti-DIG antibody conjugated to 10 nm gold particles and subsequent silver enhancement. Hybridization signal intensities were similar with all fixatives tested, but ultrastructure was best preserved with either 2 or 6 {\%} glutaraldehyde. Post-fixation with 1{\%} osmium tetroxide improved ultrastructure but markedly decreased hybridization signal and induced non-specific deposition of gold and silver. Under optimized conditions, this technique was used to successfully follow the development of HPV from absorption and transport through the cytoplansm to nuclear penetration, replication and release by cytolysis. The probe signal was consistently observed among necrotic cell debris within the lumen of hepatopancreatic tubules, within the microvillous border of tubule epithelial cells, within the cytoplasm, and within diagnostic HPV intranuclear inclusion bodies. The nucleolus and karyoplasm of patently infected cells (i.e., showing HPV intranuclear inclusion bodies) were almost devoid of signal. Electron-lucent structures, known as intranuclear bodies, commonly found within the virogenic stroma, showed only weak labeling. This is the first use of in situ hybridization to detect HPV nucleic acids with the electron microscope. The technique should be useful for studying the pathogenesis of HPV.",
keywords = "HPV, Parvoviridae, Penaeus chinensis, Penaeus monodon, Transmission electron microscopy, Ultrastructural in situ hybridization",
author = "Pantoja-Morales, {Carlos R} and Lightner, {Donald V}",
year = "2001",
month = "3",
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language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "87--96",
journal = "Diseases of Aquatic Organisms",
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T1 - Detection of hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) of penaeid shrimp by in situ hybridization at the electron microscope level

AU - Pantoja-Morales, Carlos R

AU - Lightner, Donald V

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N2 - A post-embedding in situ hybridization procedure was developed to detect hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) of penaeid shrimp at the ultrastructural level. The procedure was optimized using sections of resin-embedded hepatopancreas from HPV-infected juvenile Penaeus monodon and postlarval P. chinensis. The hepatopancreata were fixed using various fixatives, dehydrated, and embedded in the hydrophilic resin Unicryl™. A 592 bp HPV-specific DNA probe, labeled with DIG-11-dUTP, was tested both on semi-thin and ultra-thin sections and examined by light and electron microscopy, respectively. Hybridized probe was detected by means of an anti-DIG antibody conjugated to 10 nm gold particles and subsequent silver enhancement. Hybridization signal intensities were similar with all fixatives tested, but ultrastructure was best preserved with either 2 or 6 % glutaraldehyde. Post-fixation with 1% osmium tetroxide improved ultrastructure but markedly decreased hybridization signal and induced non-specific deposition of gold and silver. Under optimized conditions, this technique was used to successfully follow the development of HPV from absorption and transport through the cytoplansm to nuclear penetration, replication and release by cytolysis. The probe signal was consistently observed among necrotic cell debris within the lumen of hepatopancreatic tubules, within the microvillous border of tubule epithelial cells, within the cytoplasm, and within diagnostic HPV intranuclear inclusion bodies. The nucleolus and karyoplasm of patently infected cells (i.e., showing HPV intranuclear inclusion bodies) were almost devoid of signal. Electron-lucent structures, known as intranuclear bodies, commonly found within the virogenic stroma, showed only weak labeling. This is the first use of in situ hybridization to detect HPV nucleic acids with the electron microscope. The technique should be useful for studying the pathogenesis of HPV.

AB - A post-embedding in situ hybridization procedure was developed to detect hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) of penaeid shrimp at the ultrastructural level. The procedure was optimized using sections of resin-embedded hepatopancreas from HPV-infected juvenile Penaeus monodon and postlarval P. chinensis. The hepatopancreata were fixed using various fixatives, dehydrated, and embedded in the hydrophilic resin Unicryl™. A 592 bp HPV-specific DNA probe, labeled with DIG-11-dUTP, was tested both on semi-thin and ultra-thin sections and examined by light and electron microscopy, respectively. Hybridized probe was detected by means of an anti-DIG antibody conjugated to 10 nm gold particles and subsequent silver enhancement. Hybridization signal intensities were similar with all fixatives tested, but ultrastructure was best preserved with either 2 or 6 % glutaraldehyde. Post-fixation with 1% osmium tetroxide improved ultrastructure but markedly decreased hybridization signal and induced non-specific deposition of gold and silver. Under optimized conditions, this technique was used to successfully follow the development of HPV from absorption and transport through the cytoplansm to nuclear penetration, replication and release by cytolysis. The probe signal was consistently observed among necrotic cell debris within the lumen of hepatopancreatic tubules, within the microvillous border of tubule epithelial cells, within the cytoplasm, and within diagnostic HPV intranuclear inclusion bodies. The nucleolus and karyoplasm of patently infected cells (i.e., showing HPV intranuclear inclusion bodies) were almost devoid of signal. Electron-lucent structures, known as intranuclear bodies, commonly found within the virogenic stroma, showed only weak labeling. This is the first use of in situ hybridization to detect HPV nucleic acids with the electron microscope. The technique should be useful for studying the pathogenesis of HPV.

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KW - Parvoviridae

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KW - Transmission electron microscopy

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