Detection of secretion from single pancreatic β-cells using extracellular fluorogenic reactions and confocal fluorescence microscopy

Wei Jun Qian, Craig A. Aspinwall, Merle A. Battiste, Robert T. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Confocal microscopy with Zinquin, a fluorogenic Zn2+-specific indicator, was used for spatially and temporally resolved measurement of Zn2+ efflux from single pancreatic β-cells. When cells were incubated in buffer containing Zinquin, application of insulin secretagogues evoked an increase in fluorescence around the surface of the cell, indicative of detection of Zn2+ efflux from the cell. The fluorescence increases corresponded spatially and temporally with measurements of exocytosis obtained simultaneously by amperometry. When images were taken at 266-ms intervals, the detection limit for Zn2+ was ~0.5 μM. With this image frequency, it was possible to observe bursts of fluorescence which were interpreted as fluctuations of Zn2+ level due to exocytosis. The average intensity of these fluorescence bursts corresponded to a Zn2+ concentration of ~7 μM. Since insulin is co-stored with Zn2+ in secretory vesicles, it was concluded that the Zn2+ efflux corresponded to exocytosis of insulin/Zn2+-containing granules from the β-cell. Exocytosis sites identified by this technique were frequently localized to one portion of the cell, indicative of active areas of release.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-717
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Volume72
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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