The upsilon Andromedae system was the first multi-planet system discovered orbiting a main sequence star. We describe the detection of water vapor in the atmosphere of the innermost non-transiting gas giant ups And b by treating the star-planet system as a spectroscopic binary with high-resolution, ground-based spectroscopy. We resolve the signal of the planet’s motion and break the mass-inclination degeneracy for this non-transiting planet via deep combined flux observations of the star and the planet. In total, seven epochs of Keck NIRSPEC L band observations, three epochs of Keck NIRSPEC short wavelength K band observations, and three epochs of Keck NIRSPEC long wavelength K band observations of the ups And system were obtained. We perform a multi-epoch cross correlation of the full data set with an atmospheric model. We measure the radial projection of the Keplerian velocity (KP = 55 ± 9 km/s), true mass (Mb = 1.7 +0−0..3324 MJ), and orbital inclination (ib = 24 ± 4◦), and determine that the planet’s opacity structure is dominated by water vapor at the probed wavelengths. Dynamical simulations of the planets in the ups And system with these orbital elements for ups And b show that stable, long-term (100 Myr) orbital configurations exist. These measurements will inform future studies of the stability and evolution of the ups And system, as well as the atmospheric structure and composition of the hot Jupiter.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jul 5 2017|
- Satellites: atmospheres
- Techniques: spectroscopic
ASJC Scopus subject areas