Determinants of HIV Risk and Protective Needle-Sharing Behaviors Among Drug Injectors

Scott C Carvajal, Antonio L Estrada, Barbara D. Estrada, Gina Jones-Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few studies have tested a broad range of theory-based determinants of injection-related risk and protective behaviors. The current study hypothesize relationships among attitudinal beliefs, normative influences, perceived self-efficacy, intentions, and performing these behaviors consistent with the theory of planned behavior and related models. The conceptual model was tested in a cross-sectional sample of 895 drug injectors recruited from street settings in the southwestern United States and who completed a face-to-face interview. Structural equation modeling results showed intention and self-efficacy most consistently predicted needle sharing and bleaching considering all other model variables. Discussion focuses on the value of using these theoretical concepts to examine needle sharing and other behaviors among injection drug users and their relevance for developing HIV-reduction interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-120
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Fingerprint

Needle Sharing
HIV
Self Efficacy
determinants
drug
Southwestern United States
Pharmaceutical Preparations
self-efficacy
Injections
Risk-Taking
Drug Users
Interviews
interview

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cultural Studies

Cite this

Determinants of HIV Risk and Protective Needle-Sharing Behaviors Among Drug Injectors. / Carvajal, Scott C; Estrada, Antonio L; Estrada, Barbara D.; Jones-Rodriguez, Gina.

In: Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, Vol. 16, No. 2, 06.2011, p. 98-120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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