Determining phonon mean free path spectrum by ballistic phonon resistance within a nanoslot-patterned thin film

Qing Hao, Yue Xiao, Qiyu Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

At micro- to nano-scales, classical size effects in heat conduction play an important role in suppressing the thermal transport process. Such effects occur when the characteristic lengths become commensurate to the mean free paths (MFPs) of heat carriers that are mainly phonons for nonmetallic crystals. Beyond existing experimental efforts on thin films using laser-induced thermal gratings, this work provides the complete theoretical analysis for a new approach to extract the effective phonon MFP distribution for the in-plane heat conduction within a thin film or flake-like sample. In this approach, nanoslots are patterned on a suspended thin film. Phonons will transport ballistically through the neck region between adjacent nanoslots if the phonon MFPs are much longer than the neck width. The associated "ballistic thermal resistance" for varied neck dimensions can then be used to reconstruct the phonon MFP distribution within the film. The technique can be further extended to two-dimensional materials when the relaxation time approximation is reasonably accurate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Apr 18 2019

Keywords

  • Ballistic thermal resistance
  • Mean free path reconstruction
  • Nanoslot
  • Thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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