Determining the long-term operational performance of pump and treat and the possibility of closure for a large TCE plume

Zhilin Guo, Mark L Brusseau, Graham E. Fogg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of heterogeneity on the long-term performance of a large pump-and-treat (PAT) system that has been in operation for 30 years at a site located in Tucson, AZ. A 3D numerical model was developed. Three different concentrations were examined: composite concentration in the influent to the treatment plant, resident concentration in the aquifer, and concentration for downgradient boundary discharge. The time scales needed for concentrations measured in these ways to reach the Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) are significantly different, with ∼125 years required for treatment-plant influent compared to ∼225 years for downgradient boundary discharge and >>227 years (total simulated time) for the resident concentration in the aquifer. These large time scales, compared to 36 years for a hypothetical homogeneous system, demonstrate the significant impacts of permeability heterogeneity on remediation at this site. The possibility of closure of the site was investigated by examining the mass discharge from the site boundary and the concentration rebound after simulating shutdown of the PAT system. The results of this study provide insight on evaluation of closure potential for large, complex contamination sites and a reference on selecting performance metrics for site management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)796-803
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume365
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2019

Fingerprint

pump and treat
trichloroethylene
Aquifers
plume
Groundwater
Pumps
Plant shutdowns
Remediation
aquifer
timescale
Numerical models
Contamination
Impurities
Permeability
Composite materials
remediation
permeability
pollutant

Keywords

  • Long-term management
  • Pump and treat
  • Rebound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Determining the long-term operational performance of pump and treat and the possibility of closure for a large TCE plume. / Guo, Zhilin; Brusseau, Mark L; Fogg, Graham E.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 365, 05.03.2019, p. 796-803.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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