Detoxification of extractive constituents in pine wood by sapstain fungi

M. J. Martinez-Inigo, B. Joseleau, F. W. Claassen, G. Lenon, T. A.v. Beek, R. Sierra-Alvarez

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The toxicity of forest industry effluents to aquatic ecosystems can largely be attributed to lipophilic wood extractives, particularly resin acids and long chain fatty acids. This research examined the ability of ten sapstain fungi to degrade toxic extractive constituents in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) pulpwood. After 6 weeks under solid-state fermentation conditions, wood meal samples were extracted with acetone to determine wood extractive losses. The acute toxicity of the acetone extracts was evaluated using the Microtox bioassay. The fungal strains differed greatly in their ability to degrade and detoxify pine wood extractives. The best strain, Ceratocystis conicola, was able to remove up to 55% of the wood extractives and caused a 29-fold decrease in toxicity. The rest of the strains seemed to have limited detoxifying capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages177-181
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1998 TAPPI International Environmental Conference & Exhibit. Part 1 (of 3) - Vancouver, Can
Duration: Apr 5 1998Apr 8 1998

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1998 TAPPI International Environmental Conference & Exhibit. Part 1 (of 3)
CityVancouver, Can
Period4/5/984/8/98

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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