Detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology of Paleozoic strata in the Grand Canyon, Arizona

George E Gehrels, Ron Blakey, Karl E. Karlstrom, J. Michael Timmons, Bill Dickinson, Mark Pecha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We determined U-Pb ages for detrital zircons from 26 samples of Paleozoic sandstone from the Grand Canyon. Cambrian strata yield mainly ca. 1.44 and 1.7-1.8 Ga ages that indicate derivation from nearby basement rocks of the Yavapai Province. Devonian strata contain zircons of 1.6-1.8 Ga, 1.34-1.40 Ga, and ca. 520 Ma, suggesting derivation from the Mazatzal and Yavapai Provinces, midcontinent region, and the Amarillo-Wichita uplift, respectively. Mississippian strata record a major change in provenance, with predominantly 415-475 Ma and 1030-1190 Ma grains interpreted to have been shed from the central Appalachian orogen. Pennsylvanian strata contain subequal proportions of 1.4-1.8 Ga grains derived from basement rocks exposed in the Ancestral Rocky Mountains and 409-464 and ca. 1070 Ma grains derived from the Appalachians. Permian strata contain abundant Appalachian zircons, including 270-380 Ma grains, and a lesser proportion of grains derived from the Ancestral Rocky Mountains. Transcontinental transport during Mississippian through Permian time is interpreted to have occurred in large river systems, facilitated by northeasterly trade winds during low sea level and by coastal currents. A compilation of young ages from all Upper Paleozoic strata yields age peaks of 270-365 Ma, 395-475 Ma, and 515-640 Ma, an excellent match for Alleghanian, Acadian, Taconic, and Neoproterozoic (peri-Gondwanan) episodes of magmatism along the Appalachian margin. Lag times of the youngest grains in these Upper Paleozoic strata average ~25 m.y., suggesting relatively rapid exhumation and erosion of Appalachian source regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-200
Number of pages18
JournalLithosphere
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

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geochronology
canyon
zircon
Paleozoic
basement rock
Permian
Alleghanian
Acadian
mountain
coastal current
trade wind
Pennsylvanian
exhumation
river system
provenance
magmatism
uplift
sandstone
sea level
erosion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Cite this

Gehrels, G. E., Blakey, R., Karlstrom, K. E., Timmons, J. M., Dickinson, B., & Pecha, M. (2011). Detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology of Paleozoic strata in the Grand Canyon, Arizona. Lithosphere, 3(3), 183-200. https://doi.org/10.1130/L121.1

Detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology of Paleozoic strata in the Grand Canyon, Arizona. / Gehrels, George E; Blakey, Ron; Karlstrom, Karl E.; Timmons, J. Michael; Dickinson, Bill; Pecha, Mark.

In: Lithosphere, Vol. 3, No. 3, 06.2011, p. 183-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gehrels, GE, Blakey, R, Karlstrom, KE, Timmons, JM, Dickinson, B & Pecha, M 2011, 'Detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology of Paleozoic strata in the Grand Canyon, Arizona', Lithosphere, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 183-200. https://doi.org/10.1130/L121.1
Gehrels, George E ; Blakey, Ron ; Karlstrom, Karl E. ; Timmons, J. Michael ; Dickinson, Bill ; Pecha, Mark. / Detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology of Paleozoic strata in the Grand Canyon, Arizona. In: Lithosphere. 2011 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 183-200.
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