Development and evaluation of the McKnight risk factor survey for assessing potential risk and protective factors for disordered eating in preadolescent and adolescent girls

Catherine M Shisslak, Ralph Renger, Tamara Sharpe, Marjorie Crago, Katherine M. McKnight, Norma Gray, Susan Bryson, Linda S. Estes, Ori G. Parnaby, Joel Killen, C. Barr Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

153 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To describe the development, test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and convergent validity of the McKnight Risk Factor Survey-III (MRFS-III). The MRFS-III was designed to assess a number of potential risk and protective factors for the development of disordered eating in preadolescent and adolescent girls. Method: Several versions of the MRFS were pilot tested before the MRFS-III was administered to a sample of 651 4th through 12th- grade girls to establish its psychometric properties. Results: Most of the test-retest reliability coefficients of individual items on the MRFS-III were r >.40. Alpha coefficients for each risk and protective factor domain on the MRFS-III were also computed. The majority of these coefficients were r >.60. High convergent validity coefficients were obtained for specific items on the MRFS-III and measures of self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale) and weight concerns (Weight Concerns Scale). Conclusions: The test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and convergent validity of the MRFS-III suggest that it is a useful new instrument to assess potential risk and protective factors for the development of disordered eating in preadolescent and adolescent girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-214
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1999

Fingerprint

eating disorders
risk factors
Eating
self-esteem
Reproducibility of Results
Self Concept
testing
Surveys and Questionnaires
Protective Factors
weighing devices
Weights and Measures
Psychometrics

Keywords

  • Eating disorders
  • Reliability
  • Risk factors
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Food Science
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Development and evaluation of the McKnight risk factor survey for assessing potential risk and protective factors for disordered eating in preadolescent and adolescent girls. / Shisslak, Catherine M; Renger, Ralph; Sharpe, Tamara; Crago, Marjorie; McKnight, Katherine M.; Gray, Norma; Bryson, Susan; Estes, Linda S.; Parnaby, Ori G.; Killen, Joel; Taylor, C. Barr.

In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol. 25, No. 2, 03.1999, p. 195-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shisslak, Catherine M ; Renger, Ralph ; Sharpe, Tamara ; Crago, Marjorie ; McKnight, Katherine M. ; Gray, Norma ; Bryson, Susan ; Estes, Linda S. ; Parnaby, Ori G. ; Killen, Joel ; Taylor, C. Barr. / Development and evaluation of the McKnight risk factor survey for assessing potential risk and protective factors for disordered eating in preadolescent and adolescent girls. In: International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1999 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 195-214.
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