This work is focused on the development of a reduced-order model based on experimental data for the design of feedback control for subsonic cavity flows. The model is derived by applying the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) in conjunction with the Galerkin projection of the Navier-Stokes equations onto the resulting spatial eigenfunctions. The experimental data consist of sets of 1000 simultaneous particle image velocimetry (PIV) images and surface pressure measurements taken in the Gas Dynamics and Turbulent Laboratory (GDTL) subsonic cavity flow facility at the Ohio State University. Models are derived for various individual flow conditions as well as for their combinations. The POD modes of the combined cases show some of the characteristics of the sets used. Flow reconstructions with 30 modes show good agreement with experimental PIV data. For control design, four modes capture the main features of the flow. The reduced-order model consists of a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations for the modal amplitudes where the control input appears explicitly. Linear and quadratic stochastic estimation methods are used for real-time estimation of the modal amplitudes from real-time surface pressure measurements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes