Development and validation of a simple conversion model for comparison of intracerebral hemorrhage volumes measured on CT and gradient recalled echo MRI

Richard E. Burgess, Steven Warach, Timothy J. Schaewe, Brittany R. Copenhaver, Jeffry R. Alger, Paul Vespa, Neil Martin, Jeffrey L. Saver, Stella Kidwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE-Gradient recalled echo MRI (GRE) has been shown to be as accurate as CT for the detection of acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, because of the differences in the signal parameter being detected, apparent hemorrhage size is expected to vary by imaging modality, with GRE providing larger volumes attributable to susceptibility effects. METHODS-Image data from patients participating in 3 ICH studies were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with acute ICH were included if (1) concurrent MRI and CT were performed within 72 hours of symptom onset, and (2) each modality was performed within 240 minutes of each other. ICH volumes were calculated using a semiautomated image analysis program. The least squares method was used to develop a conversion equation based on a linear regression of GRE volume on CT volume. RESULTS-Thirty-six patients met inclusion criteria. MRI was performed first in 18, CT first in 18. Mean hemorrhage volume was 25.2cc (range 0.1 to 83.9cc) on CT and 32.7cc (range 0.1 to 98.7cc) measured on GRE. A linear relationship defined by CT Volume≤GRE Volume*0.8 (Spearman's correlation coefficient≤0.992, P<0.001) was derived. CONCLUSIONS-Acute ICH volumes as measured on GRE pulse sequences are consistently larger than CT volumes. A simple mathematical conversion model has been developed: CT volume≤0.8*GRE volume. This formula can be used in studies using both imaging modalities, across different studies, or to track ICH growth over time independent of imaging modality in an individual patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2017-2020
Number of pages4
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2008
Externally publishedYes



  • CT
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Medicine(all)

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