Development of a forced ventilation micropropagation system for large-scale photoautotrophic culture and its utilization in sweet potato

S. M.A. Zobayed, C. Kubota, T. Kozai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

A forced ventilation system has been developed for large-scale photoautotrophic micropropagation of chlorophyllous plants. The major goal of the system is to provide a uniform supply of CO2 inside a large culture vessel (volume 3480 ml) to achieve uniform growth of the plantlets. The system has been designed such that sterile nutrient solution can be supplied throughout the culture period, which is essential for long-term culture. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam., cv. 'Beniazuma') was used as a model plant for photoautotrophic culture with stagnant and nonstagnant nutrient solution in large vessels. Growth and net photosynthetic rates of the plantlets were compared with those of the plantlets grown in a small vessel under photoautotrophic conditions (with natural ventilation) and conventional photomixotrophic conditions. The results indicated that the large vessel with the forced ventilation system was effective for improving growth and uniformity of the plantlets and the rate of net photosynthesis. The stagnant nutrient solution condition under photoautotrophic forced ventilation treatment significantly increased the fresh mass of the plantlets; however, percent dry mass was highest in the treatment with nonstagnant nutrient solution condition. The results demonstrated that the conventional photomixotrophic culture system can cause seriously inhibited growth and development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-355
Number of pages6
JournalIn Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Micropropagation
  • Natural ventilation
  • Photoautotrophic
  • Photomixotrophic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Plant Science

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