Development of Parent and Adolescent Questionnaires to Assess Food Parenting Practices That Address Adolescent Consumption During Independent Eating Occasions

Marla Reicks, Jinan Banna, Alex Kojo Anderson, Vanessa Da Silva, Carolyn Gunther, Nobuko Kay Hongu, Blake Jones, Karina Lora, Lillie Monroe-Lord, Rickelle Richards, Glade Topham, Siew Sun Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To develop and test parent and early adolescent questionnaires to assess food parenting practices that influence early adolescent food consumption during independent eating occasions (iEOs). Methods: Cross-sectional online questionnaires were completed by 206 and 62 low-income parent/early adolescent (11–14 years) dyads at Time 1 and 2, respectively, recruited via a Qualtrics (Provo, UT) US national panel database. Principal component analyses, internal consistency, and test–retest reliability checks were performed. Results: Six parallel components were identified for parents and early adolescents with acceptable internal consistency and test–retest reliability. Scales included autonomy support, monitoring, availability, indulgence, expectations, and modeling. All except indulgence were positively correlated with importance of helping early adolescents make healthy choices during iEOs. Conclusions and Implications: Additional research is needed to test the questionnaires’ validity regarding relationships between parenting practices and early adolescent consumption during iEOs. Findings could inform development of interventions to improve consumption during these occasions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2019

Keywords

  • early adolescents
  • food parenting practices
  • independent eating occasions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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