Development of three-dimensional lung multicellular spheroids in air- and liquid-interface culture for the evaluation of anticancer therapeutics

Samantha A. Meenach, Alexandra N. Tsoras, Ronald C. McGarry, Heidi M. Mansour, J. Zach Hilt, Kimberly W. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) lung multicellular spheroids (MCS) in liquid-covered culture (LCC) and air-interface culture (AIC) conditions have both been developed for the evaluation of aerosol anticancer therapeutics in solution and aerosols, respectively. The MCS were formed by seeding lung cancer cells on top of collagen where they formed spheroids due to the prevalence of cell-to-cell interactions. LCC MCS were exposed to paclitaxel (PTX) in media whereas AIC MCS were exposed to dry powder PEGylated phospholipid aerosol microparticles containing paclitaxel. The difference in viability for 2D versus 3D culture for both LCC and AIC was evaluated along with the effects of the particles on lung epithelium via transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurements. For LCC and AIC conditions, the 3D spheroids were more resistant to treatment with higher IC50 values for A549 and H358 cell lines. TEER results initially indicated a decrease in resistance upon drug or particle exposure, however, these values increased over the course of several days indicating the ability of the cells to recover. Overall, these studies offer a comprehensive in vitro evaluation of aerosol particles used in the treatment of lung cancer while introducing a new method for culturing lung cancer MCS in both LCC and AIC conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1701-1709
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of oncology
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2016

Keywords

  • air interface culture
  • lung cancer
  • multicellular spheroids
  • paclitaxel
  • three-dimensional cell culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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