Diagnostic discrepancy and clinical inference: a social-cognitive analysis.

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8 Scopus citations


This review posits that clinical inference be studied as an instance of human inference. Normative rules for clinical inference may be derived from those for human inference in general, but clinicians choose not to adhere to them, relying instead on possibly biasing and suboptimal methods. A seven-phase model of clinical inference, with each phase containing particular tasks, is presented. Performance on these tasks depends on the effect of cognitive and environmental influences and the application of cognitive strategies, with erroneous performance leading to impaired clinical inference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-102
Number of pages62
JournalGenetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1986
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology

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