Dietary Sources of Calcium Among Parents and Their Early Adolescent Children in the United States by Parent Race/Ethnicity and Place of Birth

Mary Cluskey, Siew Sun Wong, Rickelle Richards, Miriam Ballejos, Marla Reicks, Garry Auld, Carol Boushey, Christine Bruhn, Scottie Misner, Beth Olson, Sahar Zaghloul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Dietary calcium sources may differ by race/ethnicity and dietary acculturation. A cross-sectional, convenience sample including 587 United States (US) Asian, Hispanic and non-Hispanic White parent–child (10–13 years) pairs completed a calcium food frequency questionnaire. Calcium sources were ranked by mean percent contribution to total adjusted calcium intake, and compared by ethnic group and parents’ location of birth. Five foods (fluid milk, cheese, milk on cereal, yogurt, and lattes) represented 49 % of total calcium intake for parents. The same foods (except lattes) represented 55 % of total calcium for early adolescent children. Fluid milk provided the largest mean percentage of intake for all race/ethnic groups among parents and children. Several food sources of calcium were greater for foreign-born versus US-born Asian or Hispanic parents and children. Understanding calcium food sources and changes in dietary patterns that affect calcium intake among parents and children is important to better promote adequate intake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-440
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 22 2015



  • Dietary acculturation
  • Dietary calcium sources
  • Early adolescent children
  • Parents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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