Dieting, essential fatty acid intake, and depression

Kristen A. Bruinsma, Douglas L Taren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies have both supported and contested the proposition that lowering plasma cholesterol by diet and medications contributes to depression. Evidence suggests that an imbalance in the ratio of the essential fatty acids (EFAs), namely the n-6 and n-3 fatty acids, and/or a deficiency in n-3 fatty acids, may be responsible for the heightened depressive symptoms associated with low plasma cholesterol. These relationships may explain the inconsistent findings in trials of cholesterol-lowering interventions and depression. Dieting behaviors have similarly been associated with alterations in mood state. This review discusses studies of EFAs and depression and explores the involvement of dieting-related psychological factors as potential confounders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-108
Number of pages11
JournalNutrition Reviews
Volume58
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2000

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dieting
Essential Fatty Acids
essential fatty acids
cholesterol
Depression
omega-3 fatty acids
Cholesterol
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
psychosocial factors
emotions
drug therapy
Psychology
Diet
diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Dieting, essential fatty acid intake, and depression. / Bruinsma, Kristen A.; Taren, Douglas L.

In: Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 58, No. 4, 04.2000, p. 98-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bruinsma, Kristen A. ; Taren, Douglas L. / Dieting, essential fatty acid intake, and depression. In: Nutrition Reviews. 2000 ; Vol. 58, No. 4. pp. 98-108.
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