Cholestasis results from interrupted bile flow and is associated with immune-mediated liver diseases. It is unclear how inflammation contributes to cholestasis. The aim of this study was to determine whether T and B cells contribute to hepatic transporter expression under basal and inflammatory conditions. C57BL/6J wild-type mice or strains lacking T, B, or both T and B cells were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline, and livers were collected 16 hours later. Branched DNA signal amplification was used to assess mRNA levels of organic anion-transporting polypeptides (Oatp) 1a1, 1a4, and 1b2; organic cation transporter (Oct) 1; canalicular bile-salt export pump (Bsep); multidrug resistance-associated proteins (Mrp) 2 and 3; and sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (Ntcp). Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis was used to correlate changes of transporter expression with interleukin-1b (IL-1b), IL-6, IL-17A, IL-17F, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interferon-γ expression in the liver. LPS treatment inhibited Bsep and Oct1 mRNA expression, and this was abrogated with a loss of T cells, but not B cells. In addition, the absence of T cells increased Mrp2 mRNA expression, whereas B cell deficiency attenuated Oatp1a4 mRNA in LPS-treated mice. Oatp1a1, Oatp1b2, Ntcp, and Mrp3 were largely unaffected by T or B cell deficiency. Lymphocyte deficiency altered basal and inflammatory IL-6, but not TNF-α or IL-1b, mRNA expression. Taken together, these data implicate lymphocytes as regulators of basal and inflammatory hepatic transporter expression and suggest that IL-6 signaling may play a critical role.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine