Differential regulation of human RecQ family helicases in cell transformation and cell cycle

Tamae Kawabe, Naohiro Tsuyama, Saori Kitao, Kaori Nishikawa, Akira Shimamoto, Miwa Shiratori, Takehisa Matsumoto, Kumiko Anno, Tatsuhiro Sato, Youji Mitsui, Masayuki Seki, Takemi Enomoto, Makoto Goto, Nathan A. Ellis, Toshinori Ide, Yasuhiro Furuichi, Masanobu Sugimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three human RecQ DNA helicases, WRN, BLM and RTS, are involved in the genetic disorders associated with genomic instability and a high incidence of cancer. RecQL1 and RecQL5 also belong to the human RecQ helicase family, but their correlation with genetic disorders, if any, is unknown. We report here that in human B cells transformed by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human fibroblasts and umbilical endothelial cells transformed by simian virus 40, the expression of WRN, BLM, RTS and RecQL1 was sharply up-regulated. In B cells this expression was stimulated within 5-40 h by the tumor promoting agent phorbol myristic acetate (PMA). Interestingly, RecQL5β, an alternative splicing product of RecQL5 with a nuclear localization signal, is expressed in resting B cells without significant modulation of its synthesis by EBV or PMA, suggesting it has a role in resting cells. We also roughly determined the number of copies per cell for the five RecQ helicase in B cells. In addition, levels of the different RecQ helicases are modulated in different ways during the cell cycle of actively proliferating fibroblasts and umbilical endothelial cells. Our results support the view that the levels of WRN, BLM, RTS and RecQL1 are differentially up-regulated to guarantee genomic stability in cells that are transformed or actively proliferating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4764-4772
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume19
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 28 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell transformation
  • Genomic stability
  • Immunoblotting
  • RecQ helicase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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  • Cite this

    Kawabe, T., Tsuyama, N., Kitao, S., Nishikawa, K., Shimamoto, A., Shiratori, M., Matsumoto, T., Anno, K., Sato, T., Mitsui, Y., Seki, M., Enomoto, T., Goto, M., Ellis, N. A., Ide, T., Furuichi, Y., & Sugimoto, M. (2000). Differential regulation of human RecQ family helicases in cell transformation and cell cycle. Oncogene, 19(41), 4764-4772. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1203841