We present a new device, the diffractive optics calibrator (DOC), for measuring etching variations of computer-generated holograms (CGHs). The intensity distribution of the far-field diffraction pattern is captured and fitted to a parametric model to obtain local etching parameters such as the duty cycle, etching depth, and grating period. The sensitivity of each etching parameter is analyzed, and design choices are provided. For the wavefront created by the CGH, the DOC is capable of measuring variations in these parameters that cause 1 nm peak-to-valley phase errors. System performance is verified by measurements from a phase shift Fizeau interferometer. This device will be used primarily for quality control of the CGHs. The measurement results can be used to evaluate the fabrication performance and guide future design. DOC is also capable of generating an induced phase error map for calibration. Such calibration is essential for measuring free-form aspheric surfaces with 1 nm root-mean-square accuracy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics