Diffuse X-rays from the inner 3 parsecs of the galaxy

Gabriel Rockefeller, Christopher L. Fryer, Fulvio Melia, Michael S. Warren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent observations with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory have provided us with the capability to discriminate point sources, such as the supermassive black hole Sgr A*, from the diffuse emission within the inner 10″ of the Galaxy. The hot plasma producing the diffuse X-radiation, estimated at ≈7.6 × 1031 ergs s-1 arcsec-2 in the 2-10 keV band, has an rms electron density ≈26 cm-3 and a temperature kT ≈ 1.3 keV, with a total inferred mass of ≈0.1 M⊙. At least some of this gas must be injected into the interstellar medium via stellar winds. In the most recent census, about 25 bright, young stars have been identified as the dominant sources of the overall mass efflux from the Galactic center. In this paper we use detailed three-dimensional smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations to study the wind-wind interactions occurring in the inner 3 pc of the Galaxy, with a goal of understanding what fraction, if any, of the diffuse X-ray flux measured by Chandra results from the ensuing shock heating of the ambient medium. We conclude that this process alone can account for the entire X-ray flux observed by Chandra in the inner 10″ of the Galaxy. Understanding the X-ray morphology of the environment surrounding Sgr A* will ultimately provide us with a greater precision in modeling the accretion of gas onto this object, which appears to be relatively underluminous compared to its brethren in the nuclei of other galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)662-670
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume604
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2004

Fingerprint

galaxies
x rays
shock heating
efflux
census
stellar winds
high temperature plasmas
gases
gas
erg
electron density
point sources
point source
observatories
observatory
hydrodynamics
accretion
heating
plasma
stars

Keywords

  • Accretion, accretion disks
  • Black hole physics
  • Galaxy: center
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Radiation mechanisms: thermal
  • Stars: winds, outflows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Rockefeller, G., Fryer, C. L., Melia, F., & Warren, M. S. (2004). Diffuse X-rays from the inner 3 parsecs of the galaxy. Astrophysical Journal, 604(2 I), 662-670. https://doi.org/10.1086/381933

Diffuse X-rays from the inner 3 parsecs of the galaxy. / Rockefeller, Gabriel; Fryer, Christopher L.; Melia, Fulvio; Warren, Michael S.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 604, No. 2 I, 01.04.2004, p. 662-670.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rockefeller, G, Fryer, CL, Melia, F & Warren, MS 2004, 'Diffuse X-rays from the inner 3 parsecs of the galaxy', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 604, no. 2 I, pp. 662-670. https://doi.org/10.1086/381933
Rockefeller, Gabriel ; Fryer, Christopher L. ; Melia, Fulvio ; Warren, Michael S. / Diffuse X-rays from the inner 3 parsecs of the galaxy. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2004 ; Vol. 604, No. 2 I. pp. 662-670.
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