Diffusive cosmic-ray acceleration at the Galactic Centre

Fulvio Melia, M. Fatuzzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The diffuse TeV emission detected from the inner ~2° of the Galaxy appears to be strongly correlated with the distribution of molecular gas along the Galactic ridge. Although it is not yet entirely clear whether the origin of the TeV photons is due to hadronic or leptonic interactions, the tight correlation of the intensity distribution with the molecular gas strongly points to a pionic-decay process involving relativistic protons. However, the spectrum of the TeV radiation - a power law with index α ≈ -2.3 - cannot be accommodated easily with the much steeper distribution of cosmic rays seen at the Earth. In earlier work, we examined the possible sources of these relativistic protons and concluded that neither the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A* [identified with the High-Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS) source J1745-290] nor several pulsar wind nebulae dispersed along the Galactic plane could produce a TeV emission profile morphologically similar to that seen by the HESS. We concluded from this earlier study that only relativistic protons accelerated throughout the intercloud medium could account for the observed diffuse TeV emission from this region. In this Letter, we develop a model for diffusive proton acceleration driven by a turbulent Alfvénic magnetic field present throughout the gaseous medium. Though circumstantial, this appears to be the first evidence that at least some cosmic rays are accelerated diffusively within the inner ~300 pc of the Galaxy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Volume410
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

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cosmic ray
cosmic rays
protons
molecular gases
galaxies
gas
energy
power law
nebulae
pulsars
magnetic field
ridges
distribution
photons
decay
radiation
profiles
magnetic fields
interactions
index

Keywords

  • Acceleration of particles
  • Cosmic rays
  • Galaxies: nuclei
  • Galaxy: centre
  • Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Diffusive cosmic-ray acceleration at the Galactic Centre. / Melia, Fulvio; Fatuzzo, M.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 410, No. 1, 01.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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