Dipolar assembly of ferromagnetic nanoparticles into magnetically driven artificial cilia

Jason J. Benkoski, Ryan M. Deacon, H. Bruce Land, Lance M. Baird, Jennifer L. Breidenich, Rengaswamy Srinivasan, Guy V. Clatterbaugh, Pei Yuin Keng, Dong-Chul Pyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Taking inspiration from eukaryotic cilia, we report a method for growing dense arrays of magnetically actuated microscopic filaments. Fabricated from the bottom-up assembly of polymer-coated cobalt nanoparticles, each segmented filament measures approximately 5-15 μm in length and 23.5 nm in diameter, which was commensurate with the width of a single nanoparticle. A custom microscope stage actuates the filaments through orthogonal permanent and alternating magnetic fields. We implemented design of experiments (DOE) to efficiently screen the effects of cobalt nanoparticle concentration, crosslinker concentration, and surface chemistry. The results indicated that the formation of dense, cilia-mimetic arrays could be explained by physical, non-covalent interactions (i.e. dipolar association forces) rather than chemistry. The experiments also determined an optimal Co nanoparticle concentration of approximately 500 μg ml-1 for forming dense arrays near the ends of the permanent magnets, and a critical concentration of approximately 0.3 μg ml-1, below which particle assembly into chains was not observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)602-609
Number of pages8
JournalSoft Matter
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Fingerprint

assembly
Nanoparticles
filaments
nanoparticles
Cobalt
cobalt
chemistry
inspiration
experiment design
Surface chemistry
permanent magnets
Design of experiments
Permanent magnets
Polymers
Microscopes
microscopes
Association reactions
Magnetic fields
polymers
magnetic fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Benkoski, J. J., Deacon, R. M., Land, H. B., Baird, L. M., Breidenich, J. L., Srinivasan, R., ... Pyun, D-C. (2010). Dipolar assembly of ferromagnetic nanoparticles into magnetically driven artificial cilia. Soft Matter, 6(3), 602-609. https://doi.org/10.1039/b918215b

Dipolar assembly of ferromagnetic nanoparticles into magnetically driven artificial cilia. / Benkoski, Jason J.; Deacon, Ryan M.; Land, H. Bruce; Baird, Lance M.; Breidenich, Jennifer L.; Srinivasan, Rengaswamy; Clatterbaugh, Guy V.; Keng, Pei Yuin; Pyun, Dong-Chul.

In: Soft Matter, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2010, p. 602-609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Benkoski, JJ, Deacon, RM, Land, HB, Baird, LM, Breidenich, JL, Srinivasan, R, Clatterbaugh, GV, Keng, PY & Pyun, D-C 2010, 'Dipolar assembly of ferromagnetic nanoparticles into magnetically driven artificial cilia', Soft Matter, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 602-609. https://doi.org/10.1039/b918215b
Benkoski JJ, Deacon RM, Land HB, Baird LM, Breidenich JL, Srinivasan R et al. Dipolar assembly of ferromagnetic nanoparticles into magnetically driven artificial cilia. Soft Matter. 2010;6(3):602-609. https://doi.org/10.1039/b918215b
Benkoski, Jason J. ; Deacon, Ryan M. ; Land, H. Bruce ; Baird, Lance M. ; Breidenich, Jennifer L. ; Srinivasan, Rengaswamy ; Clatterbaugh, Guy V. ; Keng, Pei Yuin ; Pyun, Dong-Chul. / Dipolar assembly of ferromagnetic nanoparticles into magnetically driven artificial cilia. In: Soft Matter. 2010 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 602-609.
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