Direct exposure to animal enteric pathogens

C. Enriquez, N. Nwachuku, Charles P Gerba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Humans have very close interactions with working, food-producing, and companion animals. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, there are more than one hundred million cat and dog pets in the United States. Furthermore, non-traditional pets like reptiles and exotic birds are not unusual companion animals in households. In addition to sharing with animals our living and/or working space and time, we also share, unfortunately, many disease causing microorganisms. In the past few years, we have become aware that several enteric pathogens that were thought to be mostly restricted to animals are a major cause of human disease. Examples of such pathogens include the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium parvum and bacteria such as Campylobacter spp. This review will examine the characteristics of zoonotic enteric pathogens including bacterial (Helicobacter spp., Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp., and verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli); parasitic (Toxoplasma gondii, Giardia spp., Cryptosporidium spp.); and viral (rotavirus, norwalk-like virus, hepatitis E virus), and the status of our knowledge with regard to the impact of such pathogens on human health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-131
Number of pages15
JournalReviews on Environmental Health
Volume16
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Pets
Pathogens
Animals
animal
Campylobacter
Viruses
Hepatitis E virus
Disease
Helicobacter
Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli
Cryptosporidium parvum
Norovirus
Giardia
Cryptosporidium
medical association
Salmonella
Reptiles
Rotavirus
Toxoplasma
Zoonoses

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Bacteria
  • Enteric pathogens
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Parasites
  • Viruses
  • Zoonoses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution

Cite this

Direct exposure to animal enteric pathogens. / Enriquez, C.; Nwachuku, N.; Gerba, Charles P.

In: Reviews on Environmental Health, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2001, p. 117-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Enriquez, C, Nwachuku, N & Gerba, CP 2001, 'Direct exposure to animal enteric pathogens', Reviews on Environmental Health, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 117-131.
Enriquez, C. ; Nwachuku, N. ; Gerba, Charles P. / Direct exposure to animal enteric pathogens. In: Reviews on Environmental Health. 2001 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 117-131.
@article{e8b64883f49b40ee81ed5555b6178729,
title = "Direct exposure to animal enteric pathogens",
abstract = "Humans have very close interactions with working, food-producing, and companion animals. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, there are more than one hundred million cat and dog pets in the United States. Furthermore, non-traditional pets like reptiles and exotic birds are not unusual companion animals in households. In addition to sharing with animals our living and/or working space and time, we also share, unfortunately, many disease causing microorganisms. In the past few years, we have become aware that several enteric pathogens that were thought to be mostly restricted to animals are a major cause of human disease. Examples of such pathogens include the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium parvum and bacteria such as Campylobacter spp. This review will examine the characteristics of zoonotic enteric pathogens including bacterial (Helicobacter spp., Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp., and verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli); parasitic (Toxoplasma gondii, Giardia spp., Cryptosporidium spp.); and viral (rotavirus, norwalk-like virus, hepatitis E virus), and the status of our knowledge with regard to the impact of such pathogens on human health.",
keywords = "Animals, Bacteria, Enteric pathogens, Gastroenteritis, Parasites, Viruses, Zoonoses",
author = "C. Enriquez and N. Nwachuku and Gerba, {Charles P}",
year = "2001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "117--131",
journal = "Reviews on Environmental Health",
issn = "0048-7554",
publisher = "Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Direct exposure to animal enteric pathogens

AU - Enriquez, C.

AU - Nwachuku, N.

AU - Gerba, Charles P

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Humans have very close interactions with working, food-producing, and companion animals. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, there are more than one hundred million cat and dog pets in the United States. Furthermore, non-traditional pets like reptiles and exotic birds are not unusual companion animals in households. In addition to sharing with animals our living and/or working space and time, we also share, unfortunately, many disease causing microorganisms. In the past few years, we have become aware that several enteric pathogens that were thought to be mostly restricted to animals are a major cause of human disease. Examples of such pathogens include the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium parvum and bacteria such as Campylobacter spp. This review will examine the characteristics of zoonotic enteric pathogens including bacterial (Helicobacter spp., Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp., and verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli); parasitic (Toxoplasma gondii, Giardia spp., Cryptosporidium spp.); and viral (rotavirus, norwalk-like virus, hepatitis E virus), and the status of our knowledge with regard to the impact of such pathogens on human health.

AB - Humans have very close interactions with working, food-producing, and companion animals. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, there are more than one hundred million cat and dog pets in the United States. Furthermore, non-traditional pets like reptiles and exotic birds are not unusual companion animals in households. In addition to sharing with animals our living and/or working space and time, we also share, unfortunately, many disease causing microorganisms. In the past few years, we have become aware that several enteric pathogens that were thought to be mostly restricted to animals are a major cause of human disease. Examples of such pathogens include the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium parvum and bacteria such as Campylobacter spp. This review will examine the characteristics of zoonotic enteric pathogens including bacterial (Helicobacter spp., Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp., and verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli); parasitic (Toxoplasma gondii, Giardia spp., Cryptosporidium spp.); and viral (rotavirus, norwalk-like virus, hepatitis E virus), and the status of our knowledge with regard to the impact of such pathogens on human health.

KW - Animals

KW - Bacteria

KW - Enteric pathogens

KW - Gastroenteritis

KW - Parasites

KW - Viruses

KW - Zoonoses

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034925753&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034925753&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11512628

AN - SCOPUS:0034925753

VL - 16

SP - 117

EP - 131

JO - Reviews on Environmental Health

JF - Reviews on Environmental Health

SN - 0048-7554

IS - 2

ER -