Directing Spatial Attention Within an Object: Altering the Functional Equivalence of Shape Descriptions

Mary A. Peterson, Bradley S. Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three experiments extended the demonstrated effects of spatial attention to a new area, the perceptual organization of objects. We manipulated observers' fixation location, their spatial attention location, and their intentions to hold one alternative of a Necker cube that had been altered in one region to favor one of the alternative interpretations (the biased region) and measured reports about the perceived organization of the cube over 30-s trials. Regardless of fixation location, responses showed obligatory effects of the bias only when observers attended to the biased region of the cube and not when they attended to the unbiased region of the cube, even when the biased region lay between fixation and the attended unbiased region. On the basis of these experiments, we argue that spatial attention operates through mechanisms of facilitation and inhibition to determine the functional nature of the structural description of an object.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-182
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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