Directing the deposition of ferromagnetic cobalt onto Pt-tipped CdSe@CdS nanorods: Synthetic and mechanistic insights

Lawrence J. Hill, Mathew M. Bull, Younghun Sung, Adam G. Simmonds, Philip T. Dirlam, Nathaniel E. Richey, Sean E. Derosa, In Bo Shim, Debanjan Guin, Philip J. Costanzo, Nicola Pinna, Marc Georg Willinger, Walter Vogel, Kookheon Char, Jeffrey Pyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

A methodology providing access to dumbbell-tipped, metal-semiconductor and metal oxide-semiconductor heterostructured nanorods has been developed. The synthesis and characterization of CdSe@CdS nanorods incorporating ferromagnetic cobalt nanoinclusions at both nanorod termini (i.e., dumbbell morphology) are presented. The key step in the synthesis of these heterostructured nanorods was the decoration of CdSe@CdS nanorods with platinum nanoparticle tips, which promoted the deposition of metallic CoNPs onto Pt-tipped CdSe@CdS nanorods. Cobalt nanoparticle tips were then selectively oxidized to afford CdSe@CdS nanorods with cobalt oxide domains at both termini. In the case of longer cobalt-tipped nanorods, heterostructured nanorods were observed to self-organize into complex dipolar assemblies, which formed as a consequence of magnetic associations of terminal CoNP tips. Colloidal polymerization of these cobalt-tipped nanorods afforded fused nanorod assemblies from the oxidation of cobalt nanoparticle tips at the ends of nanorods via the nanoscale Kirkendall effect. Wurtzite CdS nanorods survived both the deposition of metallic CoNP tips and conversion into cobalt oxide phases, as confirmed by both XRD and HRTEM analysis. A series of CdSe@CdS nanorods of four different lengths ranging from 40 to 174 nm and comparable diameters (6-7 nm) were prepared and modified with both cobalt and cobalt oxide tips. The total synthesis of these heterostructured nanorods required five steps from commercially available reagents. Key synthetic considerations are discussed, with particular emphasis on reporting isolated yields of all intermediates and products from scale up of intermediate precursors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8632-8645
Number of pages14
JournalACS Nano
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2012

Keywords

  • CdSe@CdS
  • colloidal polymerization
  • dipolar assembly
  • ferromagnetic nanoparticles
  • heterostructured nanorods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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