Discordance in perceived risk and epidemiological outcomes of prostate cancer among African American men

La Shanta J. Rice, Melanie Jefferson, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Jerry C. Johnson, Sebastiano Gattoni-Celli, Stephen J. Savage, Michael Lilly, Sandip M. Prasad, Rick A Kittles, Chanita Hughes Halbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

As guidelines for prostate cancer screening have changed from an annual screening recommendation starting at age 50 to discussing the benefits and harms of screening with health care providers, it is necessary to examine other types of factors that are important to prostate cancer screening decisions among African American men. Perceived risk of developing cancer has been shown to predict cancer control behaviors and is lower among African Americans. We characterized perceived risk of developing prostate cancer among African American men from November 2009 to 2011 and evaluated the relationship between prostate cancer risk perceptions and sociodemographic characteristics, health care experiences, and knowledge and exposure to health information about cancer. Chi square tests and logistic regression were employed to determine independent associations. Overall, men did not believe they were at increased risk of developing prostate cancer; they believed their risk was equivalent to or lower than men the same age. Perceived risk of prostate cancer was associated with income (OR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.26, 1.34, p = 0.03), hypertension (OR = 2.68, 95% CI = 1.17, 6.16, p = 0.02), and beliefs about the association between race and cancer risk (OR = 2.54, 95% CI = 1.24, 5.20, p = 0.01). Clinic and community-based approaches to improve prostate cancer risk comprehension among African American men are needed to reduce the discordance between perceived risk and epidemiological data on prostate cancer risk factors. Risk education interventions that are developed for African American men may need to integrate information about susceptibility for multiple diseases as well as address strategies for risk reduction and prevention, and chronic disease management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

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Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Health promotion
  • Perceived risk
  • Prostate cancer
  • Social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Rice, L. S. J., Jefferson, M., Briggs, V., Delmoor, E., Johnson, J. C., Gattoni-Celli, S., ... Halbert, C. H. (2017). Discordance in perceived risk and epidemiological outcomes of prostate cancer among African American men. Preventive Medicine Reports, 7, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.04.010