Discovery and Characterization of 2,5-Substituted Benzoic Acid Dual Inhibitors of the Anti-apoptotic Mcl-1 and Bfl-1 Proteins

Karson J. Kump, Lei Miao, Ahmed S.A. Mady, Nurul H. Ansari, Uttar K. Shrestha, Yuting Yang, Mohan Pal, Chenzhong Liao, Andrej Perdih, Fardokht A. Abulwerdi, Krishnapriya Chinnaswamy, Jennifer L. Meagher, Jacob M. Carlson, May Khanna, Jeanne A. Stuckey, Zaneta Nikolovska-Coleska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins are overexpressed in a wide spectrum of cancers and have become well validated therapeutic targets. Cancer cells display survival dependence on individual or subsets of anti-apoptotic proteins that could be effectively targeted by multimodal inhibitors. We designed a 2,5-substituted benzoic acid scaffold that displayed equipotent binding to Mcl-1 and Bfl-1. Structure-based design was guided by several solved cocrystal structures with Mcl-1, leading to the development of compound 24, which binds both Mcl-1 and Bfl-1 with Ki values of 100 nM and shows appreciable selectivity over Bcl-2/Bcl-xL. The selective binding profile of 24 was translated to on-target cellular activity in model lymphoma cell lines. These studies lay a foundation for developing more advanced dual Mcl-1/Bfl-1 inhibitors that have potential to provide greater single agent efficacy and broader coverage to combat resistance in several types of cancer than selective Mcl-1 inhibitors alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2489-2510
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 12 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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    Kump, K. J., Miao, L., Mady, A. S. A., Ansari, N. H., Shrestha, U. K., Yang, Y., Pal, M., Liao, C., Perdih, A., Abulwerdi, F. A., Chinnaswamy, K., Meagher, J. L., Carlson, J. M., Khanna, M., Stuckey, J. A., & Nikolovska-Coleska, Z. (2020). Discovery and Characterization of 2,5-Substituted Benzoic Acid Dual Inhibitors of the Anti-apoptotic Mcl-1 and Bfl-1 Proteins. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 63(5), 2489-2510. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.9b01442