DISCOVERY and VALIDATION of A HIGH-DENSITY SUB-NEPTUNE from the K2 MISSION

Néstor Espinoza, Rafael Brahm, Andrés Jordán, James S. Jenkins, Felipe Rojas, Paula Jofré, Thomas Mädler, Markus Rabus, Julio Chanamé, Blake Pantoja, Maritza G. Soto, Katie M. Morzinski, Jared R. Males, Kimberly Ward-Duong, Laird M Close

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the discovery of K2-56b, a high-density sub-Neptune exoplanet, made using photometry from Campaign 4 of the two-wheeled Kepler (K2) mission, ground-based radial velocity (RV) follow-up from HARPS and high-resolution lucky and adaptive optics imaging obtained using AstraLux and MagAO, respectively. The host star is a bright (V = 11.04, K s = 9.37), slightly metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -0.15 0.05 dex) solar analogue located at pc from Earth, for which we find a radius of and a mass of . A joint analysis of the K2 photometry and HARPS RVs reveal that the planet is in a ≈42 day orbit around its host star, has a radius of , and a mass of . Although the data at hand put the planet in the region of the mass-radius diagram where we could expect planets with a pure rock (i.e., magnesium silicate) composition using two-layer models (i.e., between rock/iron and rock/ice compositions), we discuss more realistic three-layer composition models which can explain the high density of the discovered exoplanet. The fact that the planet lies in the boundary between "possibly rocky" and "non-rocky" exoplanets makes it an interesting planet for future RV follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number43
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume830
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2016

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planets
planet
extrasolar planets
rocks
radial velocity
radii
photometry
Kepler mission
rock
stars
Neptune (planet)
Neptune
adaptive optics
magnesium
silicates
ice
silicate
diagram
diagrams
optics

Keywords

  • composition
  • detection
  • fundamental parameters
  • planets and satellites
  • planets and satellites
  • planets and satellites
  • planets and satellites
  • terrestrial planets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

DISCOVERY and VALIDATION of A HIGH-DENSITY SUB-NEPTUNE from the K2 MISSION. / Espinoza, Néstor; Brahm, Rafael; Jordán, Andrés; Jenkins, James S.; Rojas, Felipe; Jofré, Paula; Mädler, Thomas; Rabus, Markus; Chanamé, Julio; Pantoja, Blake; Soto, Maritza G.; Morzinski, Katie M.; Males, Jared R.; Ward-Duong, Kimberly; Close, Laird M.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 830, No. 1, 43, 10.10.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Espinoza, N, Brahm, R, Jordán, A, Jenkins, JS, Rojas, F, Jofré, P, Mädler, T, Rabus, M, Chanamé, J, Pantoja, B, Soto, MG, Morzinski, KM, Males, JR, Ward-Duong, K & Close, LM 2016, 'DISCOVERY and VALIDATION of A HIGH-DENSITY SUB-NEPTUNE from the K2 MISSION', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 830, no. 1, 43. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/43
Espinoza N, Brahm R, Jordán A, Jenkins JS, Rojas F, Jofré P et al. DISCOVERY and VALIDATION of A HIGH-DENSITY SUB-NEPTUNE from the K2 MISSION. Astrophysical Journal. 2016 Oct 10;830(1). 43. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/43
Espinoza, Néstor ; Brahm, Rafael ; Jordán, Andrés ; Jenkins, James S. ; Rojas, Felipe ; Jofré, Paula ; Mädler, Thomas ; Rabus, Markus ; Chanamé, Julio ; Pantoja, Blake ; Soto, Maritza G. ; Morzinski, Katie M. ; Males, Jared R. ; Ward-Duong, Kimberly ; Close, Laird M. / DISCOVERY and VALIDATION of A HIGH-DENSITY SUB-NEPTUNE from the K2 MISSION. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 830, No. 1.
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