Disinfection

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the various technologies that are used to destroy or prevent the growth of microorganisms via the process known as disinfection. A discussion of the use of heat to destroy microbes is followed by a discussion of the kinetics of disinfection, which involves the development of models that predict the outcome of disinfection. Next are described the factors that affect the efficacy of disinfectants and provide C. t values for various disinfectants. Halogens utilized as disinfectants, including chlorine, chloramines, chlorine dioxide and bromine and iodine, are discussed, followed by ozone, another powerful oxidizing agent. The use of metal ions as disinfectants is also described, and finally the use of radiation, such as ultraviolet or gamma radiation, is evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Microbiology
Subtitle of host publicationThird Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages645-662
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9780123946263
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Disinfectants
Disinfection
Chloramines
Bromine
Halogens
Ozone
Chlorine
Gamma Rays
Oxidants
Ultraviolet radiation
Iodine
Gamma rays
Microorganisms
Metal ions
Hot Temperature
Metals
Ions
Radiation
Technology
Kinetics

Keywords

  • Bromine
  • Chick-Watson model
  • Chloramine
  • Chlorine
  • Chlorine dioxide
  • Disinfection
  • Gamma radiation
  • Iodine
  • Ozone
  • Thermal destruction
  • Ultraviolet radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Gerba, C. P. (2014). Disinfection. In Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition (pp. 645-662). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394626-3.00029-6

Disinfection. / Gerba, Charles P.

Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2014. p. 645-662.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Gerba, CP 2014, Disinfection. in Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 645-662. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394626-3.00029-6
Gerba CP. Disinfection. In Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2014. p. 645-662 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394626-3.00029-6
Gerba, Charles P. / Disinfection. Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2014. pp. 645-662
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