Disparities in telephone CPR access and timing during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Tomas Nuño, Bentley J Bobrow, Karen A. Rogge-Miller, Micah Panczyk, Terry Mullins, Wayne Tormala, Antonio L Estrada, Samuel M Keim, Daniel W Spaite

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim Spanish-only speaking residents in the United States face barriers to receiving potentially life-saving 911 interventions such as Telephone –cardiopulmonary resuscitation (TCPR) instructions. Since 2015, 911 dispatchers have placed an increased emphasis on rapid identification of potential cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to describe the utilization and timing of the 911 system during suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by Spanish-speaking callers in Metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona. Methods The dataset consisted of suspected OHCA from 911 centers from October 10, 2010 through December 31, 2013. Review of audio TCPR process data included whether the need for CPR was recognized by telecommunicators, whether CPR instructions were provided, and the time elements from call receipt to initiation of compressions. Results A total of 3398 calls were made to 911 for suspected OHCA where CPR was indicated. A total of 39 (1.2%) were determined to have a Spanish language barrier. This averages to 18 calls per year with a Spanish language barrier during the study period, compared with 286 OHCAs expected per year among this population. The average time until telecommunicators recognized CPR need was 87.4 s for the no language barrier group compared to 160.6 s for the Spanish-language barrier group (p < 0.001).Time to CPR instructions started was significantly different between these groups (144.4 s vs 231.3 s, respectively) (p < 0.001), as was time to first compression, (174.4 s vs. 290.9 s, respectively) (p < 0.001). Conclusions Our study suggests that Hispanic callers under-utilize the 911 system, and when they do call 911, there are significant delays in initiating CPR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-16
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Volume115
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Fingerprint

Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Telephone
Communication Barriers
Heart Arrest
Hispanic Americans

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Disparities
  • Process outcomes
  • Telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Disparities in telephone CPR access and timing during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. / Nuño, Tomas; Bobrow, Bentley J; Rogge-Miller, Karen A.; Panczyk, Micah; Mullins, Terry; Tormala, Wayne; Estrada, Antonio L; Keim, Samuel M; Spaite, Daniel W.

In: Resuscitation, Vol. 115, 01.06.2017, p. 11-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nuño, Tomas ; Bobrow, Bentley J ; Rogge-Miller, Karen A. ; Panczyk, Micah ; Mullins, Terry ; Tormala, Wayne ; Estrada, Antonio L ; Keim, Samuel M ; Spaite, Daniel W. / Disparities in telephone CPR access and timing during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. In: Resuscitation. 2017 ; Vol. 115. pp. 11-16.
@article{391b22236c32433b911e8e44b4197d20,
title = "Disparities in telephone CPR access and timing during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest",
abstract = "Aim Spanish-only speaking residents in the United States face barriers to receiving potentially life-saving 911 interventions such as Telephone –cardiopulmonary resuscitation (TCPR) instructions. Since 2015, 911 dispatchers have placed an increased emphasis on rapid identification of potential cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to describe the utilization and timing of the 911 system during suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by Spanish-speaking callers in Metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona. Methods The dataset consisted of suspected OHCA from 911 centers from October 10, 2010 through December 31, 2013. Review of audio TCPR process data included whether the need for CPR was recognized by telecommunicators, whether CPR instructions were provided, and the time elements from call receipt to initiation of compressions. Results A total of 3398 calls were made to 911 for suspected OHCA where CPR was indicated. A total of 39 (1.2{\%}) were determined to have a Spanish language barrier. This averages to 18 calls per year with a Spanish language barrier during the study period, compared with 286 OHCAs expected per year among this population. The average time until telecommunicators recognized CPR need was 87.4 s for the no language barrier group compared to 160.6 s for the Spanish-language barrier group (p < 0.001).Time to CPR instructions started was significantly different between these groups (144.4 s vs 231.3 s, respectively) (p < 0.001), as was time to first compression, (174.4 s vs. 290.9 s, respectively) (p < 0.001). Conclusions Our study suggests that Hispanic callers under-utilize the 911 system, and when they do call 911, there are significant delays in initiating CPR.",
keywords = "Cardiac arrest, Disparities, Process outcomes, Telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation",
author = "Tomas Nu{\~n}o and Bobrow, {Bentley J} and Rogge-Miller, {Karen A.} and Micah Panczyk and Terry Mullins and Wayne Tormala and Estrada, {Antonio L} and Keim, {Samuel M} and Spaite, {Daniel W}",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.03.028",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "115",
pages = "11--16",
journal = "Resuscitation",
issn = "0300-9572",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disparities in telephone CPR access and timing during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

AU - Nuño, Tomas

AU - Bobrow, Bentley J

AU - Rogge-Miller, Karen A.

AU - Panczyk, Micah

AU - Mullins, Terry

AU - Tormala, Wayne

AU - Estrada, Antonio L

AU - Keim, Samuel M

AU - Spaite, Daniel W

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

N2 - Aim Spanish-only speaking residents in the United States face barriers to receiving potentially life-saving 911 interventions such as Telephone –cardiopulmonary resuscitation (TCPR) instructions. Since 2015, 911 dispatchers have placed an increased emphasis on rapid identification of potential cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to describe the utilization and timing of the 911 system during suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by Spanish-speaking callers in Metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona. Methods The dataset consisted of suspected OHCA from 911 centers from October 10, 2010 through December 31, 2013. Review of audio TCPR process data included whether the need for CPR was recognized by telecommunicators, whether CPR instructions were provided, and the time elements from call receipt to initiation of compressions. Results A total of 3398 calls were made to 911 for suspected OHCA where CPR was indicated. A total of 39 (1.2%) were determined to have a Spanish language barrier. This averages to 18 calls per year with a Spanish language barrier during the study period, compared with 286 OHCAs expected per year among this population. The average time until telecommunicators recognized CPR need was 87.4 s for the no language barrier group compared to 160.6 s for the Spanish-language barrier group (p < 0.001).Time to CPR instructions started was significantly different between these groups (144.4 s vs 231.3 s, respectively) (p < 0.001), as was time to first compression, (174.4 s vs. 290.9 s, respectively) (p < 0.001). Conclusions Our study suggests that Hispanic callers under-utilize the 911 system, and when they do call 911, there are significant delays in initiating CPR.

AB - Aim Spanish-only speaking residents in the United States face barriers to receiving potentially life-saving 911 interventions such as Telephone –cardiopulmonary resuscitation (TCPR) instructions. Since 2015, 911 dispatchers have placed an increased emphasis on rapid identification of potential cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to describe the utilization and timing of the 911 system during suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by Spanish-speaking callers in Metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona. Methods The dataset consisted of suspected OHCA from 911 centers from October 10, 2010 through December 31, 2013. Review of audio TCPR process data included whether the need for CPR was recognized by telecommunicators, whether CPR instructions were provided, and the time elements from call receipt to initiation of compressions. Results A total of 3398 calls were made to 911 for suspected OHCA where CPR was indicated. A total of 39 (1.2%) were determined to have a Spanish language barrier. This averages to 18 calls per year with a Spanish language barrier during the study period, compared with 286 OHCAs expected per year among this population. The average time until telecommunicators recognized CPR need was 87.4 s for the no language barrier group compared to 160.6 s for the Spanish-language barrier group (p < 0.001).Time to CPR instructions started was significantly different between these groups (144.4 s vs 231.3 s, respectively) (p < 0.001), as was time to first compression, (174.4 s vs. 290.9 s, respectively) (p < 0.001). Conclusions Our study suggests that Hispanic callers under-utilize the 911 system, and when they do call 911, there are significant delays in initiating CPR.

KW - Cardiac arrest

KW - Disparities

KW - Process outcomes

KW - Telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016506559&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016506559&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.03.028

DO - 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.03.028

M3 - Article

C2 - 28342956

AN - SCOPUS:85016506559

VL - 115

SP - 11

EP - 16

JO - Resuscitation

JF - Resuscitation

SN - 0300-9572

ER -