Following the intravenous infusion of sodium diethyldithiocarbamate to dogs, the disposition kinetics of diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC), a metabolite of disulfiram, were assessed. Approximately 27% of the administered dose was S-methylated, this process exhibiting a mean first-order rate constant of 0. 0569 min-1 (t1/2=12.2 min), while the remainder was eliminated by other routes having a rate constant of 0.148 min-1 (t1/2=4.68 min). The methyl diethyldithiocarbamate (MeDDC) formed from DDC showed an elimination rate constant of 0.0141 min-1 (t1/2=49.2 min). These observations are discussed in the light of previous investigations where the presence of MeDDC has rarely been sought or reported. A few comparisons with prior studies, in which DDC or disulfiram was administered, are made by retrospective kinetic evaluation of published data. The results are discussed in relation to the duration of action of disulfiram in man.
- diethyldithiocarbamate metabolite of disulfiram
- kinetic evaluation of prior studies
- presence of methyl ester
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Pharmacology (medical)