Protozoan infections in organ transplant recipients are rare. We report a fatal case of disseminated acanthamoebiasis in a bilateral lung transplant recipient that presented with cutaneous lesions, respiratory failure, and seizures. Acanthamoeba infection may be identified in transplant recipients with exposure to water who develop non-healing cutaneous ulcers with granulomatous inflammation. Cutaneous lesions are the initial manifestation of infection and a harbinger of dissemination. Early institution of combination anti-microbial therapy is therefore necessary for effective treatment and prevention of lethal spread to the central nervous system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine