Disseminating a smokeless tobacco cessation intervention model to dental hygienists: A randomized comparison of personalized instruction and self-study methods

Judith S Gordon, Judy A. Andrews, Edward Lichtenstein, Herbert H. Severson, Laura Akers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated 2 methods of disseminating an empirically validated smokeless tobacco intervention delivered during routine dental care. Twenty cities within 12 states were stratified and then randomized to 1 of 3 groups: personalized instruction (PI), self-study (SS), or delayed training (DT) control. Dental hygienists in the SS condition were sent a manual and video. Those in the PI condition were recruited to attend a workshop. Thirty-seven percent of eligible hygienists agreed to participate. At 12 months postenrollment, hygienists in the SS and PI conditions significantly increased their "Assist" behaviors (discuss cessation techniques, help patient set a quit date, and provide cessation materials) and reported fewer perceived barriers to delivering the intervention as compared with hygienists in DT. An economic analysis suggests that SS is more cost-effective than PI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-455
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use Cessation
Dental Hygienists
Smokeless Tobacco
Dental Care
Economics
Education
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • Dental hygienists
  • Dissemination
  • Intervention
  • Smokeless tobacco
  • Training programs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Disseminating a smokeless tobacco cessation intervention model to dental hygienists : A randomized comparison of personalized instruction and self-study methods. / Gordon, Judith S; Andrews, Judy A.; Lichtenstein, Edward; Severson, Herbert H.; Akers, Laura.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 24, No. 5, 09.2005, p. 447-455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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