Disseminating a smokeless tobacco cessation intervention model to dental hygienists: A randomized comparison of personalized instruction and self-study methods

Judith S. Gordon, Judy A. Andrews, Edward Lichtenstein, Herbert H. Severson, Laura Akers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated 2 methods of disseminating an empirically validated smokeless tobacco intervention delivered during routine dental care. Twenty cities within 12 states were stratified and then randomized to 1 of 3 groups: personalized instruction (PI), self-study (SS), or delayed training (DT) control. Dental hygienists in the SS condition were sent a manual and video. Those in the PI condition were recruited to attend a workshop. Thirty-seven percent of eligible hygienists agreed to participate. At 12 months postenrollment, hygienists in the SS and PI conditions significantly increased their "Assist" behaviors (discuss cessation techniques, help patient set a quit date, and provide cessation materials) and reported fewer perceived barriers to delivering the intervention as compared with hygienists in DT. An economic analysis suggests that SS is more cost-effective than PI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-455
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dental hygienists
  • Dissemination
  • Intervention
  • Smokeless tobacco
  • Training programs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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