Objective: In the absence of suitable autologous vein, the use of prosthetic grafts for infragenicular bypasses in peripheral arterial disease has become standard practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether creating a vein patch at the distal anastomosis would further improve patency and freedom from major adverse limb events (MALEs). Furthermore, we sought to investigate whether the use of a distal vein patch (DVP) was associated with lower rates of acute limb ischemia (ALI) for those presenting with occluded prosthetic bypass graft. Methods: The cases of all patients undergoing infragenicular prosthetic bypass grafts between January 2009 and July 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographics of the patients, clinical data, and outcomes (graft patency and MALEs) were collected. Patients were compared according to treatment group (DVP vs no DVP). A Cox regression analysis was used to analyze follow-up results. Results: During the study period, a total of 373 patients underwent infragenicular bypass at our institution; of those, 93 (24.9%) had prosthetic grafts (DVP, 39; no DVP, 54). Overall, 92 (98.9%) patients were male; the mean age was 63.3 ± 6.6 years and did not differ between the two groups. Patients undergoing prosthetic bypass with DVP were more likely to have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (38.5% vs 14.8%; P =.009) and less likely to have chronic kidney disease (2.6% vs 20.4%; P =.011). Follow-up data were available for all patients for a median of 7.8 months (range, 1-89 months). After adjustment for differences in demographics and clinical data between the two groups, when outcomes were analyzed, MALEs were significantly lower in the DVP group (35.9% vs 57.4%; odds ratio [OR], 0.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.2-0.9; P =.041). Similarly, reintervention rates were significantly lower in the DVP group (30.8% vs 50.0%; OR, 0.4; 95% CI, 0.2-0.9; P =.044). There was a trend toward higher primary patency in the DVP group (46.2% vs 35.2%; OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 0.7-3.5; P =.206) and lower rates of ALI after bypass occlusion (30.0% vs 42.9%; OR, 0.6; 95% CI, 0.2-1.8; P =.345). A Cox regression time-to-event analysis revealed late separation of freedom from MALEs for DVP relative to no DVP (log rank, P =.269). Conclusions: In this evaluation of infragenicular prosthetic bypass grafts, the creation of a vein patch at the distal anastomosis was associated with lower reintervention rates and a trend toward improved primary patency and MALEs. Furthermore, for those presenting with occluded prosthetic bypass graft, the use of a DVP was associated with a trend toward lower rates of ALI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine