Distress in Emerging Adults: Further Evaluation of the Painful Feelings About Divorce Scale

Caroline E. Shanholtz, Sacha Devine Brown, Ryan D. Davidson, Connie J A Beck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Young adults from divorced families experience clear emotional distress despite most not meeting diagnostic criteria for emotional disorders. Laumann-Billings and Emery (2000) developed the Painful Feelings About Divorce (PFAD) scale to assess the emotional distress emerging adults feel regarding childhood parental divorce. The study sample is undergraduates predominately between the ages of 18 and 22. This study adds to the literature by (a) further demonstrating the PFAD scale reliability and validity, (b) including participants with both divorced and separated but never married parents, and (c) assessing generalizability of the PFAD with a more diverse socioeconomic sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Divorce and Remarriage
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jul 1 2018



  • adjustment
  • distress
  • divorce
  • replication
  • separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Law

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