Diversity and phylogenetic relationships of entomopathogenic nematodes (Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) from the Sky Islands of southern Arizona

S Patricia Stock, Joanna C. Gress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A survey for entomopathogenic nematodes was conducted in oak-juniper woodlands of four mountain ranges (Santa Rita, Santa Catalina, Pinaleño, and Chiricahuas), in southeastern Arizona. From a total of 120 soil samples, 23.3% were EPN-positive. Of them 78.5% were positive for Steinernema spp. and 21.5% were positive for Heterorhabditis spp. An integrated approach, combining both traditional (morphological) and molecular methods, was used for examining the diversity of species of these entomopathogenic nematodes. Two named-species S. oregonense and S. riobrave are reported for the first time in Arizona, expanding their currently known geographic range. In addition to this, three undescribed Steinernema and three Heterorhabditis spp. were recovered. Insular evolution, in part, could account for the geographic distribution of entomopathogenic nematodes in Arizona.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-72
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Fingerprint

Heterorhabditidae
Steinernematidae
entomopathogenic nematodes
nematode
Heterorhabditis
Steinernema
phylogenetics
phylogeny
integrated approach
woodlands
woodland
geographical distribution
Quercus
soil sampling
mountains
species diversity
soil
methodology

Keywords

  • Arizona
  • Desert habitats
  • Distribution
  • Diversity
  • Insect
  • Nematodes
  • Oak woodlands
  • Pathogens
  • Semi-desert

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

Cite this

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abstract = "A survey for entomopathogenic nematodes was conducted in oak-juniper woodlands of four mountain ranges (Santa Rita, Santa Catalina, Pinale{\~n}o, and Chiricahuas), in southeastern Arizona. From a total of 120 soil samples, 23.3{\%} were EPN-positive. Of them 78.5{\%} were positive for Steinernema spp. and 21.5{\%} were positive for Heterorhabditis spp. An integrated approach, combining both traditional (morphological) and molecular methods, was used for examining the diversity of species of these entomopathogenic nematodes. Two named-species S. oregonense and S. riobrave are reported for the first time in Arizona, expanding their currently known geographic range. In addition to this, three undescribed Steinernema and three Heterorhabditis spp. were recovered. Insular evolution, in part, could account for the geographic distribution of entomopathogenic nematodes in Arizona.",
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N2 - A survey for entomopathogenic nematodes was conducted in oak-juniper woodlands of four mountain ranges (Santa Rita, Santa Catalina, Pinaleño, and Chiricahuas), in southeastern Arizona. From a total of 120 soil samples, 23.3% were EPN-positive. Of them 78.5% were positive for Steinernema spp. and 21.5% were positive for Heterorhabditis spp. An integrated approach, combining both traditional (morphological) and molecular methods, was used for examining the diversity of species of these entomopathogenic nematodes. Two named-species S. oregonense and S. riobrave are reported for the first time in Arizona, expanding their currently known geographic range. In addition to this, three undescribed Steinernema and three Heterorhabditis spp. were recovered. Insular evolution, in part, could account for the geographic distribution of entomopathogenic nematodes in Arizona.

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