Purpose: To assess the efficacy of dodecafluoropentane emulsion (DDFPe), a nanodroplet emulsion with significant oxygen transport potential, in decreasing infarct volume in an insoluble-emboli rabbit stroke model. Materials And Methods: New Zealand White rabbits (N = 64; weight, 5.1 ± 0.50 kg) underwent angiography and received embolic spheres in occluded internal carotid artery branches. Rabbits were randomly assigned to groups in 4-hour and 7-hour studies. Four-hour groups included control (n = 7, embolized without treatment) and DDFPe treatment 30 minutes before stroke (n = 7), at stroke onset (n = 8), and 30 minutes (n = 5), 1 hour (n = 7), 2 hours (n = 5), or 3 hours after stroke (n = 6). Seven-hour groups included control (n = 6) and DDFPe at 1 hour (n = 8) and 6 hours after stroke (n = 5). DDFPe dose was a 2% weight/volume intravenous injection (0.6 mL/kg) repeated every 90 minutes as time allowed. After euthanasia, infarct volume was determined by vital stains on brain sections. Results: At 4 hours, median infarct volume decreased for all DDFPe treatment times (pretreatment, 0.30% [P = .004]; onset, 0.20% [P = .004]; 30 min, 0.35% [P = .009]; 1 h, 0.30% [P = .01]; 2 h, 0.40% [P = .009]; and 3 h, 0.25% [P = .003]) compared with controls (3.20%). At 7 hours, median infarct volume decreased with treatment at 1 hour (0.25%; P = .007) but not at 6 hours (1.4%; P = .49) compared with controls (2.2%). Conclusions: Intravenous DDFPe in an animal model decreases infarct volumes and protects brain tissue from ischemia, justifying further investigation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine