Does Maternal Body Mass Index Have an Effect on the Accuracy of Ultrasound-Derived Estimated Birth Weight? A Retrospective Study

Maritza G. Gonzalez, Kathryn L. Reed, Katherine E. Center, Meghan G. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the maternal body mass index (BMI) and the accuracy of ultrasound-derived birth weight. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on women who had an ultrasound examination between 36 and 43 weeks' gestation and had complete delivery data available through electronic medical records. The ultrasound-derived fetal weight was adjusted by 30 g per day of gestation that elapsed between the ultrasound examination and delivery to arrive at the predicted birth weight. Results: A total of 403 pregnant women met inclusion criteria. Age ranged from 13-44 years (mean ± SD, 28.38 ± 5.97 years). The mean BMI was 32.62 ± 8.59 kg/m2. Most of the women did not have diabetes (n = 300 [74.0%]). The sample was primarily white (n = 165 [40.9%]) and Hispanic (n = 147 [36.5%]). The predicted weight of neonates at delivery (3677.07 ± 540.51 g) was higher than the actual birth weight (3335.92 ± 585.46 g). Based on regression analyses, as the BMI increased, so did the predicted weight (P <.01) and weight at delivery (P <.01). The accuracy of the estimated ultrasound-derived birth weight was not predicted by the maternal BMI (P =.22). Maternal race and diabetes status were not associated with the accuracy of ultrasound in predicting birth weight. Conclusions: Both predicted and actual birth weight increased as the BMI increased. However, the BMI did not affect the accuracy of the estimated ultrasound-derived birth weight. Maternal race and diabetes status did not influence the accuracy of the ultrasound-derived predicted birth weight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1009-1014
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017



  • accuracy of ultrasound
  • birth weight
  • body mass index
  • obesity
  • obstetric ultrasound
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this