Donor origin CAR T cells: Graft versus malignancy effect without GVHD, a systematic review

Faiz - Anwer, Al Aman Shaukat, Umar Zahid, Muhammad Husnain, Ali Mcbride, Daniel Persky, Melissa Lim, Nida Hasan, Irbaz Bin Riaz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

CD19, CD20 chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR T) cell therapy has shown promising results for the treatment of relapsed or refractory hematological malignancies. Best results have been reported in acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients with a complete response rate above 80%. Patients who received donor-derived CAR T cells for the relapsed malignancy after stem cell transplantation (allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplant) were identified from the published trials. A total of 72 patients from seven studies were treated with donor-derived CAR T cells. Only five out of 72 patients (6.9%) developed graft versus host disease. Use of donor-derived CAR T cell for relapse prophylaxis, minimal residual disease clearance or salvage from relapse is therefore highly effective, and risk of graft versus host disease flare is very low. Side effects include cytokine release syndrome, tumor lysis syndrome, B-cell aplasia along with CNS toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalImmunotherapy
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • allogenic stem cell transplantation
  • chimeric antigen T cells
  • graft versus leukemia
  • hematological malignancy
  • relapse
  • salvage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Donor origin CAR T cells: Graft versus malignancy effect without GVHD, a systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Anwer, F. ., Shaukat, A. A., Zahid, U., Husnain, M., Mcbride, A., Persky, D., Lim, M., Hasan, N., & Riaz, I. B. (2017). Donor origin CAR T cells: Graft versus malignancy effect without GVHD, a systematic review. Immunotherapy, 9(2), 123-130. https://doi.org/10.2217/imt-2016-0127