Recent electrophysiological experiments have shown that dopamine (D1) modulation of pyramidal cells in prefrontal cortex reduces spike frequency adaptation and enhances NMDA transmission. Using four models, from multicompartmental to integrate-and-fire, we examine the effects of these modulations on sustained (delay) activity in a reverberatory network. We find that D1 modulation may enable robust network bistability yielding selective reverberation among cells that code for a particular item or location. We further show that the tuning curve of such cells is sharpened, and that signal-to-noise ratio is increased. We postulate that D1 modulation affects the tuning of "memory fields" and yield efficient distributed dynamic representations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Cognitive Neuroscience
- Artificial Intelligence