Drift Time Measurement in the ATLAS Liquid Argon Electromagnetic Calorimeter using Cosmic Muons

The ATLAS Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ionization signals in the liquid argon of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter are studied in detail using cosmic muons. In particular, the drift time of the ionization electrons is measured and used to assess the intrinsic uniformity of the calorimeter gaps and estimate its impact on the constant term of the energy resolution. The drift times of electrons in the cells of the second layer of the calorimeter are uniform at the level of 1.3% in the barrel and 2.8% in the endcaps. This leads to an estimated contribution to the constant term of (0.290.040.05)% in the barrel and (0.540.040.06)% in the endcaps. The same data are used to measure the drift velocity of ionization electrons in liquid argon, which is found to be 4.61±0.07 mm/μs at 88.5 K and 1 kV/mm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)755-785
Number of pages31
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume70
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Fingerprint

Time measurement
Calorimeters
Ionization
calorimeters
Argon
muons
time measurement
argon
electromagnetism
ionization
Electrons
Liquids
liquids
estimates
cells
electrons
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Drift Time Measurement in the ATLAS Liquid Argon Electromagnetic Calorimeter using Cosmic Muons. / The ATLAS Collaboration.

In: European Physical Journal C, Vol. 70, No. 3, 12.2010, p. 755-785.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The ionization signals in the liquid argon of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter are studied in detail using cosmic muons. In particular, the drift time of the ionization electrons is measured and used to assess the intrinsic uniformity of the calorimeter gaps and estimate its impact on the constant term of the energy resolution. The drift times of electrons in the cells of the second layer of the calorimeter are uniform at the level of 1.3{\%} in the barrel and 2.8{\%} in the endcaps. This leads to an estimated contribution to the constant term of (0.290.040.05){\%} in the barrel and (0.540.040.06){\%} in the endcaps. The same data are used to measure the drift velocity of ionization electrons in liquid argon, which is found to be 4.61±0.07 mm/μs at 88.5 K and 1 kV/mm.",
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AU - Aad, G.

AU - Abbott, B.

AU - Abdallah, J.

AU - Abdelalim, A. A.

AU - Abdesselam, A.

AU - Abdinov, O.

AU - Abi, B.

AU - Abolins, M.

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AU - Abreu, H.

AU - Acharya, B. S.

AU - Adams, D. L.

AU - Addy, T. N.

AU - Adelman, J.

AU - Adorisio, C.

AU - Adragna, P.

AU - Adye, T.

AU - Aefsky, S.

AU - Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.

AU - Aharrouche, M.

AU - Ahlen, S. P.

AU - Ahles, F.

AU - Ahmad, A.

AU - Ahmed, H.

AU - Ahsan, M.

AU - Aielli, G.

AU - Akdogan, T.

AU - Åkesson, T. P A

AU - Akimoto, G.

AU - Akimov, A. V.

AU - Aktas, A.

AU - Alam, M. S.

AU - Alam, M. A.

AU - Albert, J.

AU - Albrand, S.

AU - Aleksa, M.

AU - Aleksandrov, I. N.

AU - Alessandria, F.

AU - Alexa, C.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Alexandre, G.

AU - Alexopoulos, T.

AU - Alhroob, M.

AU - Aliev, M.

AU - Alimonti, G.

AU - Cheu, Elliott C

AU - Johns, Kenneth A

AU - Rutherfoord, John P

AU - Shupe, Michael A

AU - Varnes, Erich W

PY - 2010/12

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N2 - The ionization signals in the liquid argon of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter are studied in detail using cosmic muons. In particular, the drift time of the ionization electrons is measured and used to assess the intrinsic uniformity of the calorimeter gaps and estimate its impact on the constant term of the energy resolution. The drift times of electrons in the cells of the second layer of the calorimeter are uniform at the level of 1.3% in the barrel and 2.8% in the endcaps. This leads to an estimated contribution to the constant term of (0.290.040.05)% in the barrel and (0.540.040.06)% in the endcaps. The same data are used to measure the drift velocity of ionization electrons in liquid argon, which is found to be 4.61±0.07 mm/μs at 88.5 K and 1 kV/mm.

AB - The ionization signals in the liquid argon of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter are studied in detail using cosmic muons. In particular, the drift time of the ionization electrons is measured and used to assess the intrinsic uniformity of the calorimeter gaps and estimate its impact on the constant term of the energy resolution. The drift times of electrons in the cells of the second layer of the calorimeter are uniform at the level of 1.3% in the barrel and 2.8% in the endcaps. This leads to an estimated contribution to the constant term of (0.290.040.05)% in the barrel and (0.540.040.06)% in the endcaps. The same data are used to measure the drift velocity of ionization electrons in liquid argon, which is found to be 4.61±0.07 mm/μs at 88.5 K and 1 kV/mm.

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