Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a disease that compromises hepatic function and the capacity to metabolize numerous drugs. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), pregnane X receptor (PXR), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), and nuclear factor-E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) are xenobiotic activated transcription factors that regulate induction of a number of drug metabolizing enzymes (DMEs). The purpose of the current study was to determine whether experimental NASH alters the xenobiotic activation of these transcription factors and induction of downstream DME targets Cyp1A1, Cyp2B10, Cyp3A11, Cyp4A14 and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (Nqo1), respectively. Mice fed normal rodent chow or methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet for 8 weeks were then treated with microsomal enzyme inducers β-naphoflavone (BNF), 1,4-bis-[2-(3,5- dichloropyridyloxy)] benzene (TCPOBOP), pregnenolone-16α-carbonitrile (PCN), clofibrate (CFB) or oltipraz (OPZ), known activators of AhR, CAR, PXR, PPARα and Nrf2, respectively. Results of this study show that (1) Hepatic PXR mRNA levels were significantly increased (1.4-fold) in mice fed MCD diet, while AhR, CAR, PPARα and Nrf2 were not affected. (2) The MCD diet did not alter hepatic inducibility of Cyp1A1, Cyp2B10, Cyp3A11 mRNA levels by their respective microsomal inducers. (3) Constitutive levels of Cyp4A14 mRNA were significantly increased in mice fed the MCD diet, yet further induction by clofibrate was not observed. (4) Hepatic Nqo1 mRNA levels were significantly increased by the MCD diet; however, additional induction of Nqo1 was still achievable following treatment with the Nrf2 activator OPZ.
- Cytochrome P450 enzymes and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1
- Drug metabolizing enzyme induction
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
- Xenobiotic activated receptors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis