Dual cell cycle checkpoints sensitive to chromosome replication and DNA damage in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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Abstract

In eucaryotic cells chromosomes must be fully replicated and repaired before mitosis begins. Genetic studies indicate that this dependence of mitosis on completion of DNA replication and DNA repair derives from a negative control called a checkpoint which somehow checks for replication and DNA damage and blocks cell entry into mitosis. Here we summarize our current understanding of the genetic components of the cell cycle checkpoint in budding yeast. Mutants were identified and their phase and signal specificity tested primarily through interactions of the arrest-defective mutants with cell division cycle mutants. The results indicate that dual checkpoint controls exist in budding yeast, one control sensitive to inhibition of DNA replication (S-phase checkpoint), and a distinct but overlapping control sensitive to DNA repair (G2 checkpoint). Six genes are required for arrest in G2 phase after DNA damage (RAD9, RAD17, RAD24, MEC1, MEC2, and MEC3), and two of these are also essential for arrest in S phase when DNA replication is blocked (MEC1 and MEC2).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-143
Number of pages3
JournalRadiation Research
Volume132
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

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saccharomyces
Saccharomycetales
chromosomes
yeast
DNA replication
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
DNA Replication
Mitosis
interphase
DNA damage
mitosis
DNA Damage
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
deoxyribonucleic acid
Chromosomes
DNA repair
yeasts
damage
DNA Repair
mutants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Biophysics
  • Radiation

Cite this

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abstract = "In eucaryotic cells chromosomes must be fully replicated and repaired before mitosis begins. Genetic studies indicate that this dependence of mitosis on completion of DNA replication and DNA repair derives from a negative control called a checkpoint which somehow checks for replication and DNA damage and blocks cell entry into mitosis. Here we summarize our current understanding of the genetic components of the cell cycle checkpoint in budding yeast. Mutants were identified and their phase and signal specificity tested primarily through interactions of the arrest-defective mutants with cell division cycle mutants. The results indicate that dual checkpoint controls exist in budding yeast, one control sensitive to inhibition of DNA replication (S-phase checkpoint), and a distinct but overlapping control sensitive to DNA repair (G2 checkpoint). Six genes are required for arrest in G2 phase after DNA damage (RAD9, RAD17, RAD24, MEC1, MEC2, and MEC3), and two of these are also essential for arrest in S phase when DNA replication is blocked (MEC1 and MEC2).",
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